Conflict Alerts

Conflict Alerts # 76, 23 April 2020

Review: New Report on Food Crisis 2020 cautions increased vulnerability amid the pandemic
Aarathi Srinivasan

In the news

On 21 April, the Global Report on Food Crisis (GRFC) 2020 was released by the Global Network against Food Crisis. The report is a joint consensus-based assessment of acute food shortage situations around the world by 16 partner organizations. It provides a detailed analysis of the factors responsible for and contributing to the food crisis. The annual report brings out that though the harvest is better this year, there are many vulnerable populations who are left behind and will be a victim to severe food crisis amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

In 2019, almost 135 million people in 55 countries were identified to be in crisis conditions or worse. This marks the highest number in the four years since the GRFC was launched. While comparing the 50 countries that were in both the 2019 and 2020 reports, the population in crisis or worse rose from 112 to 123 million.

Issues at large

The report indicates that the primary driver of food insecurity is armed conflict or violence of all sorts and is largely prevalent in the Middle East and Asia. Africa accounted for the highest number of people who will be impacted by food scarcity due to weather and economic shocks. 

The countries home to 135 million may face an excruciating dilemma in managing the deficit in food, leading to an impact on the lives or livelihoods of many. The acute food insecurity forecasts for 2020 were produced before the COVID-19 became a pandemic, but it is understood that the pandemic will have a considerable effect on the livelihoods of people, disrupting food supply chains and affecting the budgets aimed for humanitarian assistance. 

The pandemic and the already existing economic condition will lead to a severe global recession. Either way, unemployment or underemployment will reduce the purchasing power of individuals, decreasing their access to food. There is a possibility of rising food prices due to a shortage of labourers, political unrest and the disruptions to the food supply chains.

In perspective

It is given that the forecasts for 2020 were produced before the COVID-19 was declared as a pandemic and do not account for its impact on vulnerable people in a food crisis situation. Despite that fact, uncertainty with regard to the possible impacts of the pandemic is noticeable, which can double the food insecurity level and will be responsible for the diversion of resources from humanitarian assistance to the health sector. The report also looks at the all-inclusive perspective in identifying the areas of vulnerability and predicting the level of food insecurity in 2020.

There is an emphasis on protecting the critical food supply chain, advocating trade corridors to remain open and ensuring that there is access to food for those who are living in a vulnerable area. 

Aarathi Srinivasan is pursuing her Masters in International Studies from Stella Maris College, Chennai

February 2021 | Conflict Alert # 333
South Korea: The 'Comfort Women' issue returns to haunt
January 2021 | Conflict Alert # 222
Russia: Pro-Navalny protests turn anti-government 
January 2021 | Conflict Alert # 220
COVID-19: The Vaccine Wars
December 2020 | Conflict Alert # 200
India: Farmers' protests intensify as deadlock persists
November 2020 | Conflict Alert # 191
Pakistan: Anti-French protests called off

October 2020 | Conflict Alert # 174
Bangladesh: Protests intensify against sexual violence
October 2020 | Conflict Alert # 167
India crosses 6 million-mark in COVID-19 cases

September 2020 | Conflict Alert # 166
Pakistan: The persisting polio problem
September 2020 | Conflict Alert # 156
Pakistan: Targeted Violence continues in Waziristan
September 2020 | Conflict Alert # 154
The anti-Racist Protests in the US: Between
August 2020 | Conflict Alert # 148
Israel and UAE normalize relations
August 2020 | Conflict Alert # 146
Bolivia: Protests against the Election postponement
August 2020 | Conflict Alert # 138
In Iraq, the protestors return to the streets 

July 2020 | Conflict Alert # 118
J&K: Geelani's Exit and Continuing Violence

June 2020 | Conflict Alert # 105
Black Lives Matter brings the US to its knees
May 2020 | Conflict Alert # 86
Libya: Khalifa Haftar announces ceasefire 

May 2020 | Conflict Alert # 81
India: The surge in violence in J&K
April 2020 | Conflict Alert # 71
Afghanistan: 300 Taliban prisoners released
April 2020 | Conflict Alert # 67
Syria: New UN Report on Idlib
April 2020 | Conflict Alert # 64
A lethal impact on the Refugee/Migrant Camps 
April 2020 | Conflict Alert # 63
Indigenous Communities battle a complete wipeout 
March 2020 | Conflict Alert # 51
Coronavirus & China: Fall in numbers 
March 2020 | Conflict Alert # 47
Coronavirus & Nepal: In the second stage, cancels
March 2020 | Conflict Alert # 44
Two Presidents in Afghanistan
March 2020 | Conflict Alert # 42
'Aurat March': A New beginning across Pakistan 
March 2020 | Conflict Alert # 38
Sri Lanka withdraws from 30/1 Geneva Resolution
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 35
A ceasefire between Israel, Islamic Jihad in Gaza
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 34
Libya: rivals withdraw from Geneva peace talks
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 33
India: Violence in Delhi

February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 32
Afghanistan: Seven Days of Peace
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 31
Climate Change Fallouts: Impacts the Bird population
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 28
Pakistan: Court convicts LeT founder Hafiz Saeed
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 27
Pakistan: Suicide terrorism returns to haunt Quetta
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 26
Afghanistan: The US-Taliban Seven Day Deal
February 2020 | Conflict Alert # 24
Israel: Violence in post  Trump-deal
January 2020 | Conflict Alert # 20
Kenya: Al Shabab and a week of killings
December 2019 | Conflict Alert # 19
Citizenship Amendment Bill:2019
November 2019 | Conflict Alert # 18
Lebanon: PM Hariri quits, but protests continue 
October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 16
Bolivian unrest
October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 15
Hundreds protest in Haiti
October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 14
Protests rock Chile
October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 13
Hong Kong Violence: A divide within

October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 12
Spain: The trouble in Catalonia
October 2019 | Conflict Alert # 11
Turkey's Offensive in Syria
August 2019 | Conflict Alert # 9
Africa to be Polio Free

August 2019 | Conflict Alert # 7
Myanmar: Teenage girls traded as brides to China
August 2019 | Conflict Alert # 6
Moscow Protests: Thousands rally in Moscow
August 2019 | Conflict Alert # 3
Jordan Restores diplomatic ties with Qatar