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Conflict Weekly #159, 19 January 2022, Vol.4, No.3
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IPRI # 347, 19 January 2023

Conflict Weekly
Population decline in China, and Protests in Peru

  IPRI Team

Avishka Ashok and Madhura Mahesh


China: First population decline since 1960 highlights demographic crisis

In the news

On 17 January, China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) announced that the country had recorded a decline of 850,000 people in its population, bringing the total population index to 1.4118 billion. For the first time since 1960, the population has declined in China. The birth rate also dropped to the lowest on record 6.77 per 1000 people, further aggravating the demographic crisis.

The bureau pointed the population decline was caused due to the “drop in people’s willingness to have babies, the delay in marriage and pregnancy, as well as a fall in the number of women of child-bearing age.”

Issues at large

First, China’s one-child policy. In 1979, the government implemented a one-child policy as it feared that a population explosion would slow down economic development and strain the existing resources. The policy resulted in abortions, gender-biased pregnancies, gender imbalance, and increased usage of contraceptives. The gender-coloured abortions also limited the number of women with child-bearing capabilities in present times. However, it took the administration two decades to realise the policy's impact. By the 2000s, China observed the changes in its demography but continued to predict that the population would grow until the 2040s. In 2016, the CPC relaxed the policy and allowed two children per family. Although the population jumped by one million in 2017, the numbers have dropped ever since. In 2021, the one-child policy was completely scrapped after China recorded a drop in birth rates for the first time since 1960. 

Second, the social circumstances. Over the decades, as China improved its economic status to have the second largest GDP, the cost of living rose exponentially. As of 2023, Hong Kong is the fourth most expensive city to live in. YuWa Population Research, Beijing, reported that China is one of the most expensive countries to raise a child. The head of the National Bureau of Statistics also explained that China’s social and economic development is another factor for China’s lower fertility rates . The cost of education and the poor economic prospects further discouraged the parents from opting for more than one child. A similar trend is also observed in the neighbouring countries of Japan and South Korea, where the young prefer to build a career before building a family. Chinese men also find it difficult to find a wife and settle down due to the increasing gender imbalance. As of 2022, the sex ratio was 104.69 men to 100 women. 

Third, the government’s efforts to increase the population. By 2016, the CPC realised the ill effects of the one-child policy and began offering benefits and subsidies to encourage child birth. The measures include providing cash handouts, subsidies on bills, child-raising incentives, providing loans for child care, better maternal care facilities and longer leaves for child-care, and paternity leaves in some regions. Shenzhen became the latest city to provide handouts worth USD 1,476 for couples with three children. In some cities, the authorities have wiped out post-school tutoring institutions to make education more inclusive for all. 

In perspective

If the demographic patterns of other East Asian countries like Japan and South Korea are considered, increasing the birth rate is much more difficult than controlling it. The Chinese government will face tremendous challenges on the issue. 

Second, the death rate. The CPC’s leadership brought the number of deaths per 1,000 people from 20.653 in 1960 to 6.93 in two decades, after which the figure remained below 7 until 2012. However, the death rate has been increasing each year, rising steeply since 2020. The highest since 2012 was recorded in 2022. It is possible that the decline was therefore caused by the unusual circumstances. 

Lastly, if China is unable to pick up its demography, the country would be forced to face challenges such as a decrease in the working population and the cheap labour that helped build the economy decades ago. The rise in labour costs will lead to an increase in the price of manufactured products. The expanding elderly population will put a strain on the pension system.


Peru: Fresh protests and continuing political crisis

In the news

On 14 January, President Dina Boluarte extended the state of emergency for another month in Lima, Puno and Cusco, granting the police special powers and limiting freedoms such as the right to assembly. In the southern region of Puno, the security measures also include a 10-day curfew. Boluarte apologised for the casualties and called for peace but said that she would not be resigning. 

On 13 January, Attorney General Patricia Benavides announced that 11 inquiries were opened to identify the actors responsible for the 42 deaths during the worst outbreak of violence in 20 years. Benavides added that the investigations will mostly be conducted in Lima and the southern regions of Puno, Cusco, Arequipa, Apurimac and Ucayali. The Attorney General’s office reported that 355 civilians and 176 police officers have been injured and 329 citizens have been arrested since the protests began in December 2022. 

Issues at large

First, Pedro Castillo's impeachment as the trigger to protests. On 7 December, protests began in Peru after former President Pedro Castillo was impeached and subsequently arrested on rebellion charges. The protesters took to the streets calling for Bolurtae’s resignation, a new constitution and fresh elections. The protesters set up blockades, set fires on public buildings and vehicles, and attacked police stations. Due to this on 14 December, former Peruvian Defence Minister Alberto Otarola declared a state of emergency throughout Peru.    

Second, new protest hotspots. On 4 January, protesters resumed in Lima and Arequipa after a two-week break. In the second wave of protests, Peru’s southern region saw a rise in the number of protests and casualties. On 10 January, Peru witnessed the deadliest day in the anti-government protests with 17 casualties in Juliaca in Puno after protestors clashed with the police; 68 people were injured. This also marked the renewed fight by protestors in Southern Peru, Castillo’s stronghold, who claimed that this was an “endless battle.” The second wave of protest has largely been located in the south, in the Puno region.

Third, accusations of foreign influence. On 5 January, Defence Minister Jorge Chavez claimed that the new wave of protest was encouraged by foreigners. Chavez said: “They have entered not only intending to stir up violence but also to integrate this separatist idea of a part of our region in the country.” Subsequently, the Peruvian government announced that Bolivia’s former President Evo Morales and eight other individuals were banned from entering Peru. Morales supports Castillo and has criticised the government for Castillo’s arrest and impeachment. Morales criticised the move and said: "Now they attack us to distract and dodge responsibility for grave violations of the human rights of our Peruvian brothers.” 

In perspective

First, the expanding nature of the protests. The protestor’s demands have expanded due to the increased involvement of leaders from southern Peru. Along with the resignation of Bolurtae, the dissolution of the Congress and fresh elections, the protestors are demanding a new constitution. The demand for a new constitution is not new as the indigenous community has repeatedly demanded one to remove market-friendly policies introduced in the 1990s.

Second, the significance of southern Peru. Peru is the world’s second-largest copper producer, and most of its mines are located in the southern region. These mines are repeatedly exposed to protests by the indigenous population but the new protest has led to mines closing down or operating at a limited capacity for security reasons. This has affected the supply of metals and led to prices being volatile in the markets. One of Peru’s largest copper mines Glencore Plc in Antapaccay, Cusco was recently attacked by protestors and is now operating at a limited capacity trying to increase the safety of the remaining workers.   


Also, from around the World

Avishka Ashok, Sayani Rana, Abigail Fernadez, Bhoomika Sesharaj, Sethuraman Nadarajan, Akriti Sharma, Rashmi Ramesh, Apoorva Sudhakar, Anu Maria Joseph, Madhura Mahesh, Harini Madhusudan, Padmashree Anandan, Allen Joe Mathew and Ankit Singh

East and Southeast Asia

China: PLA Navy conducts combat exercises in the South China Sea

On 18 January, The Strait Times reported that China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy conducted a combat exercise in the South China Sea and opened its annual training operations. The exercise was carried out by the CNS Shandong aircraft carrier. The PLA Navy announced the details of the exercise on WeChat which said: "Several J-15 fighter jets took part in an air-defence drill to intercept “incoming enemy aircraft”, and pilots conducted a series of sophisticated tactical manoeuvres before locking on their targets and simulating missile strikes." The exercise involved warships, aircrafts, and submarines and aimed at ameliorating the capabilities of the sailors and aviators on the Navy.

South Korea: Yoon’s ‘enemy’ comment sparks dispute

On 15 January, South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol visited the country's military unit ‘Akh’, in the UAE and addressed  the troops where he emphasised on brotherly relations between the countries,  stating: "The UAE's enemy and biggest threat is Iran, while our enemy is North Korea ... We are in a very similar position to the UAE." Meanwhile, on 18 January, the Iranian Foreign Ministry described Suk Yeol’s remark as ‘interfering’. Additionally, on 19 January, the South Korean Foreign Ministry's statement  said that Yoon’s comments were  "words of encouragement," which were “overly interpreted” and "irrelevant" to South Korea- Iran diplomatic relations.  

Australia: China reacts to Australia acquiring American-made Black Hawks

On 18 January, Australian Defence Minister Richard Marles announced the replacement of the French MRH-90 Taipan helicopters with the UH-60M Black Hawks, manufactured by a US-based company named Lockheed Martin Corp. Australia is reported to have spent approximately USD two billion over this acquisition. Australian Major General Jeremy King  appreciated the  decision and said: “ The Black Hawk capability will be a crucial element for us to protect Australia's sovereignty, and deliver foreign policy objectives, including providing humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.”  In response, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said that  defence and security cooperation of countries must always ensure  “cooperation”  which would contribute to regional peace and stability and “does not target any third party or come at other countries' expense.”

Myanmar: Military supplies to continue unabated, says former UN Rapporteur

On 16 January, Special Advisory Council for Myanmar, an independent group comprising experts released a report titled  ‘Fatal Business: Supplying the Myanmar Military’s Weapon Production’ which stated that at least 13 countries, from Europe, Asia and North America, have been enabling the Myanmar military to manufacture weapons. A former UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar endorsed the report and said: “Foreign companies and their home states have moral and legal responsibilities to ensure their products are not facilitating human rights violations against civilians in Myanmar. Failing to do so makes them complicit in the Myanmar military’s barbaric crimes.

South Asia

Pakistan: Four terrorists killed in IBO in Hoshab; Four soldiers killed in attack from Iranian soil

On 18 January, the Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) stated that security forces killed four terrorists in an intelligence-based operation (IBO) in Balochistan’s Hoshab. According to the ISPR, the IBO was conducted “to clear a hideout linked with firing incidents on security forces along M-8, in general area Talsar, Hoshab” on a tip-off about the presence of terrorists. A day earlier, Chief of Army Staff General Asim Munir visited Balochistan’s Khuzdar and Basima areas and he was briefed on the current security situation, operational preparedness, and measures implemented to ensure a “peaceful and secure environment." In a separate incident, four soldiers were killed in the Panjgur district of Balochistan in an attack that originated from Iran. Following the incident, the Iranian Embassy condemned the attack saying, “terrorism is a common problem facing Iran and Pakistan, with both neighbouring countries being victims of that evil phenomenon.”

Afghanistan: Former female lawmaker killed by unknown assailants; ISIS claims responsibility for the attack outside the foreign ministry in Kabul

On 15 January, the Taliban stated that a former female lawmaker was shot dead by unknown assailants in her home in Kabul. The attack also left the lawmaker's bodyguard dead and her brother injured. The Kabul Police spokesperson stated that a “serious” investigation into the incident was underway to apprehend and bring the killers to justice. In a separate incident, over 20 people were killed and several others were injured a suicide attack outside the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kabul. According to the Taliban’s Deputy Minister of Information and Culture, the attack took place when a Chinese delegation was scheduled to meet the Taliban at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but it was not known if they were present at the time of the attack. Following the attack, ISIS’s Amaq news agency said in an affiliated Telegram channel that it has claimed responsibility for the blast.

Nepal: 72 people assumed dead in air crash, becomes Nepal’s worst air disaster in 30 years

On 15 January, a Yeti Airlines passenger plane with 72 people onboard crashed into a river gorge while it was about to land at the Pokhara airport. The government is investigating the crash along with a team of experts from France, who visited the accident site a day after the incident. The aircraft took off from Kathmandu and crashed into the  Seti River gorge on 15 January, killing four crew members and 68 passengers; one person is yet to be identified. This is Nepal’s 104th crash in the last few years, and the third biggest in terms of casualties.

Bangladesh: Uncontrolled police abuse of Rohingya refugees, harassment by armed police

On 17 January, Human Rights Watch (HRW) reported that Bangladesh’s Armed Police Battalion (ABPn) is “committing extortion, arbitrary arrests, and harassment” of Rohingya refugees who are already at the forefront of rampant violence from criminal and violent groups in the country. The HRW said that donor governments need to push the Bangladesh authorities to look into the alleged abuses against the Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar and assure that the victims have “effective” remedies and develop efficient measures to protect them. Additionally, the HRW said that ABPn had “taken over” the security in the Rohingya camps since July 2020 and that the ABPn’s oversight has left the refugees to “suffer at the hands of the very forces who are supposed to protect them.”

Sri Lanka: Students protests demands to release political prisoners

On 16 January, nearly 3000 university students across Sri Lanka participated in protests organised by the Inter-University Students Federation (IUSF) and demanded the government to end state repression.  The students also demanded the release of all the political prisoners and university students, including the president of the student union, Wasantha Mudalige, who was detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act. The protesters said that Mudalige was protesting for the right to free education and was  arrested.  On 18 January, students of the Peradeniya University also protested for the release of their students union president and were met with  police using water cannons and tear gas to control the protesters in both events.

Central Asia, Middle East, and Africa

Israel-Palestine: Four killed in a week in Israeli firing

On 16 January, the Israeli army shot and killed a Palestinian boy aged 14, during a raid at the Dheisheh refugee camp in Bethlehem. They said that the attack  was a response to the stones and explosive devices thrown at them during confrontations in the refugee camp. On 17 January, a 40-year-old man was killed during firing in the northern reaches of the city of Hebron where  Israeli forces said that Hamdi Abu Dayyeh was carrying out a shooting attack against the forces and worked for the Palestinian police force. On 19 January, the army shot dead two Palestinian men in Jenin. One of them was a teacher in a local school and the other was identified as a young fighter with the Jenin Brigades armed resistance group. With these four deaths added, the total number of Palestinians killed by live fire in January 2023 amounts to 17. Nine of them have been reported in Jenin alone.

Iraq: PM supports continued presence of the US troops

On 15 January, Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani defended the presence of  the United States troops in his country in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, his first since taking office in October. al-Sudani stressed that there was no intention to resume foreign combat operations in the country, but noted that foreign forces provide important logistical support in combating ISIL pockets in Syria. He told the Wall Street Journal that he hoped that Iraq would have similar relations with Washington compared to those enjoyed by Saudi Arabia and other Persian Gulf countries producing oil and gas.

Yemen: UN envoy outlines probable truce

On 16 January, the UN special envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg briefed the UN Security Council and expressed hope of a possible truce. While mistrust and complexities are high, diplomatic efforts are also intensifying, aimed to end the eight-year conflict. The UN sponsored truce came into effect in April 2022, which ended in October as Houthis refused for an extension. Despite the refusal, Grundberg noted: “[The] overall military situation in Yemen has remained stable… and there has been no major escalation nor changes in the disposition on the front lines.”

Somalia: At least 26 people killed in Al Shabab attack

On 17 January, Somali authorities said that at least 26 people were killed and many were injured following an attack at a military base in Hawadley town in Shabelle region. The Al Shabab militant group has claimed the attack. Five government soldiers and 21 al Shabab militants were among the dead. This comes days after the Somali army captured a strategic port of Haradhere, which was held by al Shabab for 15 years.

Ethiopia: France and Germany call for war crime justice

On 13 January, Foreign Minister of France Catherine Colonna and Foreign Minister of Germany Annalena Baerbock, during their meeting with Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Addis Ababa said that there can be no reconciliation in Ethiopia without justice. They discussed the progress of the peace agreement which was signed early November and called for the establishment of a transitional justice mechanism for the atrocities committed during the conflict. Meanwhile, Ethiopian Foreign Minister Demeke Mekonnen stated that the government will ensure justice to be served. On the same day, Ethiopian Defence Force said that Amhara Allied Forces have started withdrawing its troops from major towns in Tigray. 

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Protests held against slow withdrawal of M23

On 18 January, protests against the delay in M23’s withdrawal from areas under the rebel group’s control were held in Goma; the protesters also called on the East African Community’s regional forces to leave the city and fight where the M23 rebels are positioned. A BBC news report said police used tear gas and live bullets to disperse the protesters and two journalists were taken into custody. The developments took place after the M23 failed to withdraw from the territories despite a deadline under an agreement signed in November 2022 which outlined that the rebels should withdraw from their positions by 15 January.

Burkina Faso: UN calls for release of abducted women

On 17 January, the UN deputy spokesperson said that Secretary-General Antonio Guterres had called for the immediate and unconditional release of nearly 50 women and girls abducted in northern Burkina Faso on 12 and 13 January. The victims were kidnapped by unidentified armed groups when they were looking for food. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Volker Türk also expressed alarm and said this “could be the first such attack deliberately targeting women in Burkina Faso.” Türk said the town the women were abducted from, Arbinda, may have been one of the many that armed groups took control of since 2019.

Europe and the Americas

Europe: NATO General assures security support to Bosnia

On 16 January, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg met the member of the tripartite Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Denis Bećirović to discuss the stability and the significance of the alliance in the Western Balkans region. Stoltenberg reiterated the concentration of reforms to protect the “multi-ethnic institutions” and  added that NATO's support in helping develop a “defence capacity building package” would  boost security capabilities. On 17 January, the representatives of NATO’s Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme and scientific group of Bosnia and Herzegovina exchanged areas for cooperation in the field of “cyber defence, counter-terrorism and the detection of explosive hazards.” A  NATO spokesperson said: “Our cooperation aligns with our evolving partnership and with an ever-changing security landscape, and is increasingly focusing on the application of technologies to tackle new and emerging challenges.”

The UK: World’s top one per cent grabbed nearly two-thirds of the USD 42 trillion in new wealth created since 2020: Oxfam report

On 16 January, Oxfam released its report ‘Survival of the Richest’ outlining that billionaire fortunes are increasing by USD 2.7 billion a day, compared to  nearly  1.7 billion workers who  live in countries with  inflation outpacing wages. The report said, at the same time, half of the world’s billionaires live in countries with no inheritance tax for direct descendants putting them on track to pass on USD 5 trillion to their heirs, more than the gross domestic product (GDP) of Africa.

Switzerland: Ozone hole is slowly recovering, says UN report

On 9 January, a report titled "Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 2022" was presented in the UN. The report, a collaborative effort of the World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Environment Programme, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the European Commission, outlined that the ozone hole is recovering.  The findings said that  the phase-out of 99 per cent of ozone depleting substances has yielded a positive outcome and that the ozone layer has started to recover. However, the report claims that the ozone layer's recovery over polar regions will be slower than in other regions, which  has made the Montreal Protocol a successful effort.

Germany: Climate activists protest against coal excavation

On 16 January, the German police announced they had moved all climate activists from Lützerath, a village in Germany’s North Rhine Westphalia state. The village is to be demolished for the expansion of an open-cast lignite coal mine run by the energy company RWE. The German police began evicting the activists on 11 January and removed 300 protesters from the village. The Lützerath village is located in Germany’s western region and is known for its coal mines. RWE plans on expanding the Garzweiler II mine that includes Lützerath,  which is land owned by the company. The Garzweiler II is spread over 35 square kilometres and is a Garrzweiler lignite mine which is the most polluting form of coal. The activists demand the complete suspension of all operations of RWE to prevent the excavation of the coal beneath the village. In response, RWE stated that Germany would need these coal deposits until the end of 2023, to bridge the energy demands.

Portugal and Spain: Teacher’s union and health workers protest for better working conditions

On 15 January, the Union of All Education Professionals (STOP), a Portuguese teacher's union, staged a protest in Lisbon demanding better pay and working conditions. Thousands of people took part in the protests and many more joined the movement by going on strike. The union plans to keep the pressure high on the government and is gearing up for a nationwide demonstration on 11 February. One of the demands of the protesters has been the removal of Education Minister Joao Costa. On 15 January, thousands of health workers took to the streets to protest Madrid’s regional government, accusing it of dismantling the city’s public health care system. The protestors highlighted the shortage of healthcare staff and criticized the Madrid authorities for favouring private healthcare providers. Madrid spends the least on primary health care in Spain despite its high per capita income.

Turkey: Operation Claw-Lock takes out close to 500 PKK terrorists

On 15 January, the Turkish National Defence Ministry stated that 506 PKK terrorists have been taken down since Operation Claw-Lock commenced in April. Operation Claw-Lock was launched by Turkey targeting PKK bases in the Northern Iraq regions of Metina, Zap and Avasin-Basyan. The ministry also conducted a media tour of these regions where reporters were informed that 575 PKK hideouts were destroyed. The reporters saw PKK hideouts being targeted from the Iraq-Turkey border.

Estonia: Increased efforts to expand its artillery fleet

On 17 January, Estonia’s Ministry of Defence announced its decision to buy 12 K9 Thunder howitzers as part of its artillery fleet expansion plan. Under the EUR 36 million deal, the Estonian Defence Forces will operate 36 similar weapons. The continued expansion of Estonia’s investments reflects the growing need for “indirect fire weapons.” The Defence Minister said: “…we have made quick decisions to equip both infantry brigades with additional K9 Thunder mobile howitzers and bring Estonia’s indirect fire capability to a completely new level.” Apart from Estonia, Poland is also among those to purchase K9 Thunder from South Korea’s Hanwha Defence. Similar to the deal with South Korea, Estonia is also part of a similar contract with the US to buy six M142 HIMARS.

Russia: Moscow moves to renounce charters related to the Council of Europe

On 17 January, President Vladmir Putin directed the Russian lawmakers to adopt a law that would terminate the country’s participation in 21 treaties and charters related to the Council of Europe. In March 2021, Moscow withdrew from the human rights body claiming it had been captured by the US and its allies and only serves Western political objectives. Among the 21 treaties that will cease to apply to Russia is the charter of the Council of Europe (CoE), the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the European Convention for the Suppression of Terrorism, the European Charter of Local Self-Government, and the European Social Charter. Established in 1949, the mission of the CoE was to promote “democracy, human rights and the rule of law.” Russia joined the organisation in 1996.

Ukraine: EU sets up “strategic reserve” in Finland

On 17 January, the European Commission announced that it would set up the first strategic reserve of equipment and supplies which would be available to any EU member in response to potential chemical or nuclear incidents. The stockpile will be located in Finland, for the convenient reach of the Baltic states. According to EuroNews, the hoard would include “critical medical countermeasures,” including “vaccines and antidotes, medical devices and field response equipment” needed to respond to “biological, radiological and nuclear accidents.” The facility will be equipped to be able to send supplies within 12 hours of the affected member accepting the EU offer of help, in theory.

Ukraine: Belarus and Russia air force drills; Lavrov comment on ending Ukraine war; NATO's stress for more arms

On 15 January, Belarus’s Security Council First Deputy State Secretary Pavel Muraveyko, announced the air force drills to be held between Belarus and Russia. According to Muraveyko the exercise is expected to be defensive involving “...aerial reconnaissance, deflecting air strikes, air cover of important objects and communications,” for two weeks until 1 February. On 18 January, in the same forum, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated that Russia would halt its operation when there is no threat from the military infrastructure in Ukraine. He stressed on Ukraine to “not discriminate against and harass Russian speakers.” Additionally,  he  condemned the West for failing to  implement  international treaties and reportedly lying on signed commitments. On 18 January, NATO’s Secretary General and  Deputy Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said: “This is a pivotal moment in the war and the need for a significant increase in support for Ukraine.” The NATO Deputy Secretary General said: “We have no indication that (Russian President Vladimir) Putin's goals have changed…Russia has mobilized more than 200,000 additional troops.”

Venezuela: Teachers protest against inflation, demand living wage

On 16 January, public school teachers and retirees protested in various regions of the country demanding better pay amid rising inflation in Venezuela. Multiple workers' unions came together to hold marches in six major cities. Venezuela's inflation is calculated to be 305 per cent in 2022 as stated in a report released by a non-governmental group of economists. There has not been any statement or data from the government on inflation. The government has refused to increase salaries sticking to its plan of low spending and high taxes. Replying to the demands of protesters for a living wage, Vice President Diosdado Cabello blamed the US for imposing stations on the government which has led to the current economic problems.

El Salvador: Country hit by multiple earthquakes and landslides

On 16 January, the state of Ahuachapan was hit by multiple earthquakes which left 130 houses damaged. The residents were moved to emergency shelters. The Civil Protection Agency stated that there were 219 recorded earthquakes during the period. Landslides occurred in many parts of the state with 20 locations being severely affected. Rescue work has commenced with public workers and volunteers clearing the debris and helping those injured.

Brazil: Lula removes military officers from security detail expressing distrust after riots

On 18 January, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva dismissed 13 military personnel in the National Security Advisor’s office. This comes as Lula dismissed 40 military personnel from the security detail of the presidential palace on 17 January. Lula said that the dismissals were in line with the growing distrust in the military after the 08 January riots. He also questioned Brazil’s intelligence bodies over their failure to predict the riots. Lula’s security will be handled by the Federal Police force.

The US: Shooting at Martin Luther King celebration day claims one life

On 16 January, around 1000 people had gathered for the MLK Car Show and Family Fun Day where a disagreement between two parties claimed one life. St. Lucie County Chief Deputy said: “It’s really sad in a celebration of someone who represented peace and equality that a disagreement results in a use of guns and violence to solve that disagreement, and that’s what’s really sad to me about what happened here.”


About the authors

Ankit Singh, Akriti Sharma, Harini Madhusudan and Rashmi BR are Doctoral Scholars at the School of Conflict and Security Studies, NIAS. Avishka Ashok, Abigail Fernandez, Apoorva Sudhakar and Padmashree Anandan are Project Associates at NIAS. Anu Maria Joseph and Sethuraman Nadarajan are Research Assistants at NIAS. Bhoomika Sesharaj, Madhura Mahesh, Allen Joe Mathew and Sayani Rana are research interns at NIAS.

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IPRI Team

End of a Fragile Peace in Gaza, and a Failed Coup in Sierra Leone

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Conflict Weekly
November 2023 | IPRI # 416
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in East Africa, the London Summit on Global Food Security, and the War in Gaza

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Conflict Weekly
November 2023 | IPRI # 415
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Into the Fifth Week: The Continuing Ground Offensive and Israel’s Search for Hamas’ Command Centre

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Conflict Weekly
November 2023 | IPRI # 414
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Conflict in Sudan and Pakistan's Repatriation of Illegal Refugees

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Conflict Weekly
October 2023 | IPRI # 394
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Worsening Situation in Gaza, Rapprochement between Venezuela and the US, and the Philippines- China Maritime Dispute

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Conflict Weekly
October 2023 | IPRI # 393
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Conflict Escalation in Israel and the Failed Indigenous Voice Referendum in Australia

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Conflict Weekly
October 2023 | IPRI # 392
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Israel-Palestine Conflict and Earthquake in Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
October 2023 | IPRI # 391
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Rising security threats after the coup in Niger

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2023 | IPRI # 390
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Nagorno-Karabakh and the End of the Republic of Artsakh

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Conflcit Weekly
September 2023 | IPRI # 389
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence and Ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh, Auto Workers’ Strike in the US, Fighting in Sudan, Another Migrant Crisis in Italy, and the US-Iran Prisoners Exchange

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Conflict Weekly
September 2023 | IPRI # 388
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Decriminalisation of Abortion in Mexico, Continuing Violence in Sudan, Floods in Libya, and Earthquake in Morocco

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2023 | IPRI # 387
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Fall of Black Sea Grain Initiative, Leadership Troubles for Myanmar in ASEAN, and Post-Coup Tensions in Gabon

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2023 | IPRI # 386
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Gabon and One Year of “Total Peace” in Colombia

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2023 | IPRI # 385
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Another Conflict in Ethiopia and a Stalemate in Niger

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2023 | IPRI # 384
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Political Violence in Ecuador, Wildfires in Hawaii, and Two Years of Taliban Rule

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2023 | IPRI # 383
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Standoff in Niger, Expanding War in Ukraine, and Political Crisis in Senegal

read more
IPRI Quarterly Forecasts
August 2023 | IPRI # 382
IPRI Briefs

S Shaji

Increasing Insurgency in East Africa: Major Trends and Trajectories

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2023 | IPRI # 381
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Coup in Niger, Violent anti-government demonstrations in Kenya, and Protests in Israel over judicial reforms

read more
IPRI Quarterly Forecasts
July 2023 | IPRI # 380
IPRI Briefs

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Myanmar Continues to Burn

read more
IPRI Quarterly Forecasts
July 2023 | IPRI # 379
IPRI Briefs

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Return of Violence in Manipur

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Conflcit Weekly
July 2023 | IPRI # 378
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Fukushima waste water controversy, Russia’s withdrawal from the grain deal, Stalemate of aid extension in Syria, and Extreme weather anomalies across US Europe and Asia

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Conflcit Weekly
July 2023 | IPRI # 376
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in France, Termination of UN Mission in Mali, and Violence in Israel

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Conflict Weekly
June 2023 | IPRI # 375
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Rise and Fall of the Wagner Revolt, Failure of the Ninth Ceasefire in Sudan, and the Global Gender Gap Report

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IPRI REVIEW
June 2023 | IPRI # 374
IPRI Comments

Rishika Yadav, Sneha Surendran, Sandra D Costa, Ryan Marcus, Prerana P and Nithyashree RB

Global Gender Gap Report 2023: Regional Takeaways

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Conflict Weekly
June 2023 | IPRI # 373
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in Uganda, Migrant Crisis in the Mediterranean, State of the Climate in Europe, and Taliban Arms Management

read more
SPECIAL COMMENTARY
June 2023 | IPRI # 372
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

The Civil War in Myanmar: Continuing Violence, the Battle of Attrition, and the Divide within ASEAN

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2023 | IPRI # 371
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Counter-Offensive and Drone Attacks in Ukraine, and Continuing Violence in Manipur

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SPECIAL COMMENTARY
June 2023 | IPRI # 370
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

India: Violence continues in Manipur

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2023 | IPRI # 369
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Canada's Wildfires, and Reviews of two reports on Tigray and the Arctic Ice-melt

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IPRI REPORT REVIEW
June 2023 | IPRI # 368
IPRI Comments

Varsha K and Nithyashree RB

Hunger Hotspots: Five Takeaways of FAO‑WFP report on food insecurity

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2023 | IPRI # 367
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Russia-Ukraine Drone Warfare, Violence in Kosovo, and a Separatists' Crisis in Cameroon

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Conflict Weekly
May 2023 | IPRI # 366
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bhutan's Gross National Happiness, Return of Syria to the Arab League, Seventh Ceasefire in Sudan, Bakhmut Battle in Ukraine, Zelensky's Diplomatic Offensive, and WMO Report Takeaways

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2023 | IPRI # 365
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Armenia-Azerbaijan Stalemate

read more
May 2023 | IPRI # 364
IPRI Briefs

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Violence in India's Manipur: Clash of Perceptions of Marginalization and Victimhood

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2023 | IPRI # 363
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Another ceasefire in Sudan, and a Counteroffensive in Ukraine

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Special Commentary
May 2023 | IPRI # 362
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

Droughts in East Africa: A climate disaster

read more
Special Commentary
May 2023 | IPRI # 361
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

The State of Conflict in Myanmar: Violence, Counter-Violence, and the Current Impasse

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2023 | IPRI # 360
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Evacuation in Sudan, and the Chinese Ambassador's statement on the status of former Soviet republics

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2023 | IPRI # 359
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in Sudan and the Battle for Bakhmut

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Conflcit Weekly
April 2023 | IPRI # 358
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in Israel and 25 years of the Good Friday Agreement

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Conflcit Weekly
April 2023 | IPRI # 357
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Israel, Elections in Finland, and Kidnapping in Nigeria

read more
Conflcit Weekly
March 2023 | IPRI # 356
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka's IMF deal and Violence in Haiti

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Conflcit Weekly
March 2023 | IPRI # 355
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Senegal, Imran Khan's arrest attempt and Bank distress across the US and Europe

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Conflict Weekly
March 2023 | IPRI # 354
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Georgia, Japan-South Korea reconciliation, and Iran’s school poisoning

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2023 | IPRI # 353
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New BREXIT deal on Northern Ireland, battle for Bakhmut and return of violence in Palestine

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2023 | IPRI # 352
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in China and France, and post-earthquake crises in Turkey and Syria

read more
Special Essay
February 2023 | IPRI # 351
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Myanmar: Two years since the coup

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2023 | IPRI # 350
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US-China tensions over balloon, and Weather anomalies in the Americas

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2023 | IPRI # 349
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The continuing crisis in Israel

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2023 | IPRI # 348
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Spain, Sweden and Israel

read more
NIAS Africa Studies
January 2023 | IPRI # 346
IPRI Comments

Sruthi Sadhasivam

Instability in West Africa: The role of France

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2023 | IPRI # 345
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The new push in the Ukraine war, Ben Gvir’s visit to al Aqsa, Mali's pardon to Ivorian soldiers, violent protests in Brazil and violence over Guzman's arrest

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Conflict Weekly
December 2022 | IPRI # 343
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Peace and conflict in 2022: Top 50 stories from around the world

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
December 2022 | IPRI # 342
IPRI Briefs

Devansh Agrawal

One China Policy and Absence of the Rule of Law: A brief look into the mistreatment of Tibetan refugees in Nepal

read more
Conflict Weekly Cover Story
December 2022 | IPRI # 341
IPRI Briefs

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Another Peace Accord in India’s Northeast: A review of the new agreement between New Delhi, the Assam government and Adivasi insurgent groups

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2022 | IPRI # 340
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Global Biodiversity Framework and the EU's gas price capping regulation

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2022 | IPRI # 339
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Workers strike in the UK

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2022 | IPRI # 338
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Drone attacks in Russia

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2022 | IPRI # 337
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in China and the end of TTP's ceasefire in Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2022 | IPRI # 336
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A ceasefire in DRC and a report on the repatriation from Syria's detention camps

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 335
IPRI Comments

Debangana Chatterjee

Mapping Gender: Iran and its ‘Burning’ Hijabs

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 333
IPRI Comments

Sindhu Radhakrishna

Peace and Conflict in Human Wildlife Interactions

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 332
IPRI Comments

Padmashree Anandhan

Europe: Ukraine War and the Nordic

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 331
IPRI Comments

Porkkodi Ganeshpandian

Haiti: Five issues fueling gang violence

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 330
IPRI Comments

Sruthi Sadhasivam

Latin America: Four implications of War in Ukraine

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 329
IPRI Comments

S Shaji

Africa: A war and truce between Ethiopia and Tigray

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Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 328
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Africa: Ethiopia-Tigray ceasefire, and the complex roadmap for peace

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 327
IPRI Comments

Poulomi Mondal

Africa: End of Operation Barkhane, and future implications for France and Sahel

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 326
IPRI Comments

Devjyoti Saha

Africa: The Wagner Group, exploitation of conflicts and increased dependency on Russia

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 325
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Africa: An overview and reasons behind persistence of conflicts

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 324
IPRI Comments

Athar Zafar

South Caucasia: Prospects for a stable peace

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 323
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Afghanistan: The Taliban, women, and how history repeats itself

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 322
IPRI Comments

Vijay Anand Panigrahi

Pakistan: TTP, failed peace negotiations, and violence in Swat

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 321
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

India: Protracted Talks and Elusive Peace in the Naga ceasefire agreement

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 320
IPRI Comments

Mahesh Bhatta

Nepal: An impending economic crisis

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 319
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Sri Lanka: Significance of Aragalaya as a unifying factor

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 318
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Myanmar: Resilience of the Opposition’s Armed Uprising

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 317
IPRI Comments

Sandip Kumar Mishra

East Asia: North Korea’s Missile Provocations

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 316
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

China: Global Focus and its impact on Xinjiang and the Uyghurs

read more
Conflict Weekly Special Issue
November 2022 | IPRI # 315
IPRI Comments

Mallika Joseph

The struggle to frame peace

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2022 | IPRI # 314
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Special Edition: 150th Issue of Conflict Weekly

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Conflict Weekly
November 2022 | IPRI # 313
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Assassination attempt on Imran Khan and Russia’s withdrawal from Kherson

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Conflict Weekly
November 2022 | IPRI # 312
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Permanent ceasefire in Ethiopia and a report on the supply chain behind war crimes in Myanmar

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2022 | IPRI # 311
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests and violence in Chad

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Conflict Weekly
October 2022 | IPRI # 310
IPRI Comments

Haiti's Gang Violence, Venezuelan Migrants and the US, and Global Hunger Index

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2022 | IPRI # 309
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

UNHRC proceedings on Xinjiang and the Oxfam report on reducing inequality

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2022 | IPRI # 308
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

North Korea's missile tests and Russia's annexation of four territories

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2022 | IPRI # 307
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Iran

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Conflict Weekly
September 2022 | IPRI # 306
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Clashes between Armenia-Azerbaijan

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Conflict Weekly Cover Story
September 2022 | IPRI # 305
IPRI Comments

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Another Peace Accord in India’s Northeast: A review of the new agreement between New Delhi, Assam government and Adivasi insurgent groups

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2022 | IPRI # 304
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ukraine's counter-offensive, North Korea's legislation on preemptive nuclear strike, and a report on Modern Slavery

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2022 | IPRI # 303
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The UN report on Xinjiang: Four Takeaways

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Conflict Weekly
September 2022 | IPRI # 302
IPRI Comments

Violence in Baghdad and Renewed fighting in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly
August 2022 | IPRI # 301
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Six months of War in Ukraine

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Conflict Weekly
August 2022 | IPRI # 300
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Breaking from the past in Kenyan elections, a year under the Taliban in Afghanistan, and merciless heatwaves in Europe

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2022 | IPRI # 299
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Precarious ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh, fresh rounds of violence in Gaza, and the new US bill supporting climate change

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Conflict Weekly Cover Story
August 2022 | IPRI # 298
IPRI Briefs

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

100 Days of People’s Protest in Sri Lanka: What’s Next?

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Conflict Weekly
August 2022 | IPRI # 297
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Zawahiri's killing, Pope's apology to the indigenous people in Canada, Iraq's political crisis, and Senegal's disputed elections

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2022 | IPRI # 296
IPRI Briefs

Bibhu Prasad Routray

Myanmar Military: Annihilation as a Domination Strategy

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2022 | IPRI # 295
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ukraine grain deal, the Monkeypox emergency, and the US wildfires

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Conflict Weekly Cover Story
July 2022 | IPRI # 294
IPRI Comments

Amit Gupta

Killing Roe will hurt the US Soft Power

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Conflict Weekly
July 2022 | IPRI # 293
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s gas warning to Europe, and Sudan’s intra-tribal clashes

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Conflict Weekly
July 2022 | IPRI # 292
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

President Rajapaksa’s resignation and the economic crisis in Sri Lanka, and the military's withdrawal in Sudan

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2022 | IPRI # 291
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Political Stalemate in Libya, and the Fall of Luhansk in Ukraine

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 290
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Attacks on Europe's pride marches, the Morocco-Spain migration, and the intensifying Russia-Ukraine war

read more
NIAS Africa Studies
June 2022 | IPRI # 289
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

DRC-Rwanda tensions: Latest developments and issues

read more
NIAS Africa Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 288
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Africa’s displacement crises: Three key drivers

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 287
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Heatwave in Europe, rise of the Left in Colombia and the UNHCR report on Forced Displacement

read more
Russia-Ukraine War
June 2022 | IPRI # 286
IPRI Comments

Sruthi Sadhasivam

Limiting Ukraine War to Ukraine: The US foreign policy strategy

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 285
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The new UK new bill on Brexit, Turkey's NATO concerns on Finland and Sweden and the SIPRI report on nuclear arsenal/weapons

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Conflict Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 284
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

North Korea's Missile Tests and Sanctions on Mali

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Conflict Weekly
June 2022 | IPRI # 283
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Denmark's referendum on EU defence and interstate tensions in Africa

read more
Conflict Weekly Cover Story
May 2022 | IPRI # 282
IPRI Briefs

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka’s Economic Crisis: Structural issues and impacts

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2022 | IPRI # 281
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Another school shooting in the US, and EU-UK tussle over Northern Ireland protocol

read more
NIAS Africa Studies
May 2022 | IPRI # 280
IPRI Comments

Poulomi Mondal

Communal Tensions in Ethiopia: Five drivers

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2022 | IPRI # 279
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Another racial attack in the US, Divide within the EU over the Russian oil ban, and violence in Israel

read more
Conflict Weekly Cover Story
May 2022 | IPRI # 278
IPRI Comments

S Shaji

Sudan, three years after Omar al Bashir

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Conflict Weekly
May 2022 | IPRI # 277
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Intensifying political crisis in Sri Lanka, Communal tensions in Ethiopia, and 75 days of Ukraine war

read more
NIAS Africa Studies
May 2022 | IPRI # 276
IPRI Comments

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Wagner Group: Russia's Proxies or Ghost Soldiers?

read more
NIAS Africa Studies
May 2022 | IPRI # 275
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Mali ends defence ties with France: What does this mean

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2022 | IPRI # 274
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Mali-France tensions and anti-UK protests in the Virgin Islands

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 273
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

​​​​​​​UK-Rwanda asylum deal, Mexico's continuing femicides, and Afghanistan's sectarian violence 

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Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 272
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The battle for Donbas, Violence in Jerusalem, Riots in Sweden, Kyrgyzstan- Tajikistan border dialogue, and China’s military drills

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 271
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in Nigeria, and Russia’s new military strategy in Ukraine

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 270
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Political Crises in Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Tunisia; Ceasefire in Yemen; and the Battle for Mariupol

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 269
IPRI Briefs

Sourina Bej

Ceasefire trails in Naga conflict: Space for peace parleys and violent politics

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 268
IPRI Briefs

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Failing Peace in Darfur: Multiple Actors, No Outcome

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 267
IPRI Briefs

Jeshil Samuel J

The 2014 Gaza Ceasefire: A Stopgap to Peace dividend

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 266
IPRI Briefs

Dincy Adlakha

The 1999 Lome Peace Agreement: Issues and failed aspirations

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 265
IPRI Briefs

Anju C Joseph

Ceasefire in Moro Conflict: No lasting solution in sight

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 264
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

30 days of War in Ukraine

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 263
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka’s worsening economic crisis

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 262
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The end of Denmark’s Inuit experiment

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 261
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

International Women’s Day: Gap between policies and realities on gender equality

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 260
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine Invasion: One Week Later

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 259
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine salami slicing and Canada’s freedom convoy protests

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 258
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unfreezing the Afghan assets, Tunisia’s judicial crisis and Libya’s new political deadlock

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 257
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Freedom convoy protests in Canada, and a de-escalation over Ukraine

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
February 2022 | IPRI # 256
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Coup in Burkina Faso: Five things to know

read more
Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 255
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of the coup in Myanmar, Taliban meetings in Oslo, and the Global hunger report

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 254
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Burkina Faso, Continuing violence in Yemen, and an ISIS attack in Syria

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 253
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Threat of War over Ukraine, a Syrian trial in Germany, and Protests in France

read more
Central Asia
January 2022 | IPRI # 252
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The unrest in Kazakhstan: Look beyond the trigger

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 251
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest and crackdown in Kazakhstan, Another jail term for Aung San Suu Kyi, Two years after Qasem Soleimani, and Canada's reconciliation with the indigenous people

read more
Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 250
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflicts in 2021 : Through Regional Prisms

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 249
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shreya Upadhyay

State of Peace and Conflict in North America in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 248
IPRI Briefs

Dr Aparaajita Pandey

State of Peace and Conflict in Latin America in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 247
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shaji S

State of Peace and Conflict in Africa in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 246
IPRI Briefs

Dr Stanly Johny

State of Peace and conflict in the Middle East in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 245
IPRI Briefs

Dr Athar Zafar

State of Peace and Conflict in Central Asia in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 244
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anshuman Behera

State of Peace and Conflict in South Asia in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 243
IPRI Briefs

Dr Bibhu Prasad Routray

State of Peace and Conflict in Southeast Asia in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 242
IPRI Briefs

Dr Sandip Kumar Mishra

State of Peace and Conflict in East Asia in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 241
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anand V

State of Peace and Conflict in China in 2021

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 240
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Top 15 Conflicts in 2021

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 239
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New reports on the Omicron threat, and lifting sanctions on humanitarian aid to Afghanistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 238
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

West warns Russia over Ukrainian aggression and South Korea and North Korean agree on end-of-war declaration in principle

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
December 2021 | IPRI # 237
IPRI Comments

Harshita Rathore

Famine in Ethiopia: The government's refusal to acknowledge, worsens the crisis

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 236
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict Weekly: 100th Issue

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 235
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest in the Solomon Islands, and the 12 million missing children in China

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 234
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-lockdown protests in Europe, Farmers' protests in India, and Continuing instability in Sudan

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 223
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Europe's other migrant crisis, and Protests in Cuba and Thailand

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 222
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The migrant threat to Europe from Belarus and Ceasefire with the TTP in Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 221
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of Ethiopian conflict and UK-France fishing row

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 220
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Sudan, Pressure on Myanmar's military regime, and the Migrant game by Belarus

read more
October 2021 | IPRI # 219
IPRI Comments

Vandana Mishra

The Texas abortion law: Five reasons why it is draconian

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 218
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

No honour in honour killing

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 217
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year after Samuel Paty's killing, Kidnapping in Haiti, and Instability in Sudan

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 216
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

ISIS violence in Afghanistan, and Targeted killings in J&K

read more
Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 215
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Rising child abuse in Pakistan: Five reasons why

read more
Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 214
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Hazara Persecution in Pakistan: No end in sight

read more
Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 213
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Talking to the Pakistani Taliban: What did Imran say? And what does it mean? Is the rest of Pakistan ready for the same?

read more
Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 212
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Protests in Gwadar: Who and Why

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 211
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Bolsonaro protests in Brazil, UK-France fishing row, Talks with the TTP in Pakistan, and the anti-abortion law protests in the US

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 210
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Chinese White Paper on Xinjiang, and the Haitian migrant crisis in the US

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
September 2021 | IPRI # 209
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Africa’s Stolen Future:Child abductions, lost innocence, and a glaring reflection of State failure in Nigeria

read more
Afghanistan
September 2021 | IPRI # 208
IPRI Comments

Vineeth Daniel Vinoy

Who is who in the interim Taliban government? And, what would be the government structure?

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 207
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Pride marches in Europe, Jail term for Hotel Rwanda hero, and continuing Houthi-led violence in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 206
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Europe and Brazil, and an impending humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan

read more
Latin America
September 2021 | IPRI # 205
IPRI Comments

Lokendra Sharma

Two months of Cuban protests: Is the ‘revolution’ ending?

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 204
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Texas' abortion ban, Return of the Thai protests, the Taliban government, and the Guinea coup

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 203
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US exit from Afghanistan, the Houthi violence in Yemen, and Hurricane Ida in the US

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 202
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Chaotic evacuation in Kabul, Crimea Summit on seven years of Russian occupation, anti-lockdown protests in Australia, and continuing kidnappings in Africa

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 201
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Return of the Taliban and the fall of Afghanistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 200
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests return to Thailand, Taliban gains in Afghanistan, Pandemic action triggers protests in Europe, and new Climate Change report warns Code-Red

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 199
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive, New Zealand's apology over the Pacific communities, Peru's new problem, and an inter-State clash in India's Northeast

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 198
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

France's anti-extremism bill, Canada's burning churches, and Tunisia's new political crisis

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 197
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Impending famine in Tigray, should make Ethiopia everyone's problem

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 196
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Too late and too little is Ethiopia's international problem

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 195
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

Africa's Ethiopia Problem

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 194
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia's Tigray problem is Tigray's Ethiopia problem

read more
Afghanistan
July 2021 | IPRI # 193
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Five reasons why Afghanistan is closer to a civil war

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 192
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Beyond the apology to Rwanda: In Africa, is France still a 'silent colonizer'?

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 191
IPRI Comments

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Migration in Africa: Origin, Drivers and Destinations

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 190
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa:Three reasons why

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 189
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Libya: A new unity government and rekindled hope, a decade after the fall of Gaddafi

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 188
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Germany, Wildfires in Siberia and the Pegasus Spyware

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 184
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-government protests in Cuba, Pro-Zuma protests in South Africa, and remembering the Srebrenica massacre

read more
Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 183
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive in Afghanistan, Protests in Colombia, and the Heat Wave 

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 182
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Ethiopia, Berlin Conference on Libya and the World Drug Report

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 181
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US Juneteenth, UN resolution on Myanmar and Global Peace Index

read more
Europe
June 2021 | IPRI # 180
IPRI Comments

Chetna Vinay Bhora

Spain, Morocco and the rise of rightwing politics in Europe over immigration

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Southeast Asia
June 2021 | IPRI # 179
IPRI Comments

Anju Joseph

Timor Leste: Instability continues, despite 19 years of independence

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 178
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Three new reports on Child labour, Ethiopia and Xinjiang, Tensions in Belfast, and the Suu Kyi trial

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 177
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The UN report on Taliban-al Qaeda links, Denmark on relocating refugee camps, Burkino Faso massacre, Arctic melt, and Afghan trilateral dialogue

read more
Israel-Palestine Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 176
IPRI Comments

Udbhav Krishna P

Revisiting the recent violence: Three takeaways

read more
Gender Peace and Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 175
IPRI Comments

Vibha Venugopal

The return of Taliban will be bad news for women

read more
Nepal
June 2021 | IPRI # 174
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Fresh election-call mean unending cycle of instability

read more
Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 173
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing protests in Colombia, another mass abduction in Nigeria, and a controversial election in Syria

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 172
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Israel, NLD ban in Myanmar and a new Belarus crisis

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 171
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Elusive ceasefire in Israel-Palestine conflict, a migration crisis in Spain, three weeks of protests in Colombia, and the rise of Ransomware reign

read more
The Maldives
May 2021 | IPRI # 170
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

The bomb attack on Mohamed Nasheed. Is it political or jihadist?

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 169
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Escalating Israel-Palestine violence, an attack and a ceasefire in Afghanistan, and the fallouts of Scotland election for the UK

read more
Australia's indigenous communities
May 2021 | IPRI # 168
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

The systemic oppression continues despite three decades of the Royal Commission report

read more
Africa
May 2021 | IPRI # 167
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa. Three reasons why

read more
Afghanistan 
May 2021 | IPRI # 166
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The US decision to withdraw is a call made too early. Three reasons why

read more
Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 165
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violent protests in Colombia, US troops withdrawal in Afghanistan, and the battle for Marib in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 164
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Israel-Syria missile strikes, Clashes in Somalia and Afghan meetings in Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 163
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

George Floyd murder trial, Fukushima water release controversy, anti-France protests in Pakistan, Report on the Rwandan genocide and another Loya Jirga in Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 162
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Riots in Northern Ireland, Sabotage on an Iranian nuclear facility, and a massacre in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 161
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Global gender gap report, Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam talks failure, Maoist attack in India, Border tensions between Russia and Ukraine, and the Security forces take control of Palma in Mozambique

read more
Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 160
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bloody Week in Myanmar, a Suicide attack in Indonesia and an Insurgency in Mozambique

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Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 159
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sanctions on China, Saudi Arabia ceasefire in Yemen, the UNHRC resolution on Sri Lanka, and a massacre in Niger

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Conflict Weekly #62
March 2021 | IPRI # 158
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Gender Protests in Australia, Expanding Violence in Myanmar and Anti-protests bill in the UK

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Conflict Weekly # 61
March 2021 | IPRI # 157
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Women’s Day, Swiss Referendum, Myanmar Violence, George Floyd Trial and Lebanon Protests

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Conflict Weekly #60
March 2021 | IPRI # 156
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

From Myanmar and Hong Kong in Asia to Nigeria in Africa: Seven conflicts this week

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Conflict Weekly # 59
February 2021 | IPRI # 155
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Protests in Myanmar, ‘Comfort Women’ issue in South Korea and Abductions in Nigeria

read more
Ethiopia
February 2021 | IPRI # 154
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Five fallouts of the military offensive in Tigray

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Afghanistan
February 2021 | IPRI # 153
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The recent surge in targeted killing vs the troops withdrawal

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 152
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

In Argentina, an extraordinarily progressive law on abortion brings the Conservatives to protest

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 151
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

In Poland, the protests against the abortion law feed into anti-government sentiments

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 150
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

In Honduras, a move towards a permanent ban on abortion laws

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 149
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

In Thailand, the new abortion law poses more questions

read more
Myanmar
February 2021 | IPRI # 148
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Civilian protests vs military: Three factors will decide the outcome in Myanmar

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Conflict Weekly # 58
February 2021 | IPRI # 147
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Separatism bill in France, Protests in Nepal against a gender-specific law, Surge in targetted killings in Afghanistan, and Instability continues in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly #57
February 2021 | IPRI # 146
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Coup protests in Myanmar, a new US strategy on Yemen, and the US-Iran differences on nuclear roadmap

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India and Sri Lanka
February 2021 | IPRI # 145
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan and Drorima Chatterjee

Five ways India can detangle the fishermen issue with Sri Lanka

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Conflict Weekly #56
February 2021 | IPRI # 144
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Myanmar and Protests in Russia

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Conflict Weekly #55
January 2021 | IPRI # 143
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers' protests in India, Vaccine Wars, another India-China border standoff, and Navalny's imprisonment

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Conflict Weekly # 54
January 2021 | IPRI # 142
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New President in the US, new Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh, new Israeli settlement in West Bank, and another massacre in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly # 53
January 2021 | IPRI # 141
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Trump impeached by the US House, Hazara miners buried in Pakistan, Farm laws stayed in India, and the Crisis escalation in CAR

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Conflict Weekly # 52
January 2021 | IPRI # 140
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

GCC lifts Qatar blockade, Iran decides to enrich uranium, Argentina legalizes abortion, French soldiers targeted in Mali, and the AFSPA extended in India's Northeast

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 139
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

The Middle East: The Abraham Accords may be the deal of the century, but comes with a heavy Palestinian cause  

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 138
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

France:  Needs to rethink  the state-religion relation in battling extremism

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 137
IPRI Comments

Teshu Singh

India and China: A tense border with compromise unlikely

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 136
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia: The conflict in Tigray and the regional fallouts

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 135
IPRI Comments

Kamna Tiwary

Europe: From anti-government protests in Belarus to ‘United for Abortion’ in Poland 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 134
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Brexit: A year of the UK-EU transition talks and finally, a Deal 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 133
IPRI Comments

Mallika Devi

Hong Kong: Slow Strangulation of Protests, Security Law and China's victory

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 132
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Thailand: For the pro-democracy protests, it is a long march ahead 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 131
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Nagorno-Karabakh: Rekindled fighting, Causalities and a Ceasefire

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 130
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Hot on the Conflict Trails: Top Ten Conflicts in 2020

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 129
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Boko Haram abductions in Nigeria, Violence in Afghanistan and Farmers' protest in India

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Gender Peace and Conflict
December 2020 | IPRI # 128
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

From Poland to India: More attacks on abortion rights coincide with the emergence of right

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 127
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers protest in India, Radicals target idols in Bangladesh, UK reaches out to the EU and Saudi Arabia to mend ties with Qatar

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 126
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An assassination in Iran, Massacre in Nigeria and Suicide bombings in Afghanistan

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 125
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Ensure the DDC elections are inclusive, free and fair

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Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 124
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Electoral violence in Africa, War crimes in Afghanistan, COVID's third global wave, and Protest escalation in Thailand

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Domestic turmoil and South Asia
November 2020 | IPRI # 123
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka’s 20-Amendment is more than what was bargained for

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Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 122
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US troops withdrawal, Violent protests in Thailand, Refugee crisis in Ethiopia, Anti-France protests in Pakistan and the Indo-Pak tensions along the LoC

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 121
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Alliance decides to fight the DDC elections together. The ballot may be thicker than principle

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 120
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A peace agreement in Nagorno-Karabakh and a brewing civil war in Ethiopia

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 119
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

IS terror in Vienna and Kabul, new controversy along Nepal-China border, and a boundary dispute in India’s Northeast

read more
J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 118
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

The Friday Backgrounder: Union Government amends the land laws, and the Kashmiri Opposition protests. There is politics in both

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 117
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, rising gender violence shadows COVID-19 pandemic

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GLOBAL PROTESTS MOVEMENT
October 2020 | IPRI # 116
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Lebanon: One year of protests; it is more setbacks and little reforms

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 115
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, pandemic has eclipsed women’s role in peacebuilding

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J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 114
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The new demands within the State over the Official Language Act

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India's Northeast
October 2020 | IPRI # 113
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

The Naga Peace talks: Caught in its own rhetoric, NSCN(IM) will lose its stakes

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J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 112
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The Gupkar Declaration: Vociferous Valley and an Indifferent Jammu

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The Friday Backgrounder
October 2020 | IPRI # 111
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Flag, Constitution, Media Freedom and Local Elections

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Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 110
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Solidarity in France, Emergency withdrawn in Thailand, Terror tag removed in Sudan and Hunger in South Asia

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Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 109
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests against sexual violence in Bangladesh, One year after Xi-Modi summit, Assassination of a Deobandi scholar in Pakistan and continuing violence in Yemen

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Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 108
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An Afghan woman nominated for the Nobel and a Dalit woman assaulted in India. External actors get involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 107
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, women peacebuilders need more than a seat at the table

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 106
IPRI Comments

Tamanna Khosla

In India, home has been the most violent place for women

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 105
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

In India, pandemic relegates women peacebuilders to the margins

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Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 104
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Six million COVID cases in India, Abdullah Abdullah's visit to Pakistan, China's naval exercises in four seas, and the new tensions in Nagorno Karabakh

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Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 103
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Al Qaeda module in India, Naga Peace talks and the Polio problem in Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 102
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Afghan summit in Doha, India-China Five Points agreement, Women protest in Pakistan, New amendment in Sri Lanka and the Bahrain-Israel rapprochement

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The Middle East
September 2020 | IPRI # 101
IPRI Comments

Samreen Wani

Lebanon: Can Macron's visit prevent the unravelling?

read more
Africa
September 2020 | IPRI # 100
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

In Sudan, the government signs an agreement with the rebels. However, there are serious challenges

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 99
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Targeted Violence in Pakistan, Protests in Hong Kong and the Charlie Hebdo Trial in France

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
September 2020 | IPRI # 98
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: The PDP meeting, Muharram clashes and the Kashmiri parties vis-à-vis Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 97
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti Racist Protests in the US and the Floods in Pakistan

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Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 96
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali and Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sri Lanka: Election Analysis, Expectations from the Government, Challenges Ahead, & a road map for India

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 95
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Resolution is a good beginning. So is the NIA charge sheet on the Pulwama Attack.

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 94
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Proposed amendment in Sri Lanka, Verdict on the gunman in New Zealand, Peace Conference in Myanmar and the Ceasefire troubles in Libya

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 93
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Baby steps taken. Now, time to introduce a few big-ticket items

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 92
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Further trouble to the Naga Peace Talks, Taliban attack on woman negotiator, Protests in Thailand, Belarus and Bolivia, Israel-UAE Rapprochement, and the Oil Spill in Mauritius

read more
Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 91
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Integration and Assimilation are not synonymous.

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 90
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Release of Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, Troubles in Naga Peace Talks in India’s Northeast, and a deadly week in Lebanon

read more
Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 89
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: One year later, is it time to change gears?

read more
Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 88
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka Elections 2020 - A Curtain Raiser: Issues, Actors, and Challenges

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 87
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

J&K a year after 5 August 2019, Militant ambush in Manipur, Environmental protests in Northeast India, and the return of street protests in Iraq

read more
Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 86
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Omar Abdullah complains, there is no space for mainstream leaders. Should there be one?

read more
Conflict Weekly 28
July 2020 | IPRI # 85
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Bihar, Nepal and Bangladesh, Abduction of a journalist in Pakistan, Neutralization of militants in Srinagar and the UNAMA report on Afghanistan

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 84
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, 20 years later women still await the return of post war normalcy

read more
Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 83
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: After the Hurriyat, is the PDP relevant in Kashmir politics today?

read more
Conflict Weekly 27
July 2020 | IPRI # 82
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Devastating floods in Assam, and a mob Lynching of cattle smugglers along India-Bangladesh border

read more
WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 81
IPRI Comments

Mehjabin Ferdous

In Bangladesh, laws need to catch up with reality

read more
Conflict Weekly 26
July 2020 | IPRI # 80
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in India's Northeast, FGM ban in Sudan, the UN warning on Global Hunger & the Return of Global Protests

read more
Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 79
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Four years after Burhan Wani

read more
Conflict Weekly 25
July 2020 | IPRI # 78
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict and COVID in J&K, Dispute over constructing a temple in Islamabad, Return of the Indian fishermen into the Sri Lankan Waters, and the water conflict over River Nile in Africa

read more
Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 77
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

The Rise, Fall and Irrelevance of Geelani. And the Hurriyat

read more
Conflict Weekly 24
July 2020 | IPRI # 76
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Geelani's Exit and Continuing Violence in J&K, and the BLA attack on Pakistan stock exchange in Karachi

read more
June 2020 | IPRI # 75
IPRI Comments

Sudip Kumar Kundu

Cyclone Amphan: West Bengal, Odisha limp back to a distorted normalcy

read more
June 2020 | IPRI # 74
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

An olive branch to the PTM in Pakistan: Will the PTI heed to the Pashtun rights movement

read more
Conflict Weekly 23
June 2020 | IPRI # 73
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Baloch Disappearance issue returns, Nepal tightens Citizenship rules, and Egypt enters the conflict in Libya

read more
Conflict Weekly 22
June 2020 | IPRI # 72
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence escalates along the India-China border, Cartographic tensions over India-Nepal border, Gas explosion in Assam and Deadly attacks by the Boko Haram in Nigeria

read more
Conflict Weekly 21
June 2020 | IPRI # 71
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Echoes of Black Lives Matter, Violence in Kashmir Valley, Rohingyas in the deep blue sea, One year of Hong Kong protests, Conflict in Libya and the human-wildlife conflict in South Asia

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Conflict Weekly 20
June 2020 | IPRI # 70
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A week of violence in the US, Afghanistan and Africa, Urban drivers of political violence, and anti-racism protests in Europe

read more
Conflict Weekly 19
May 2020 | IPRI # 69
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Cyclone Amphan in the Bay of Bengal, Ceasefire in Afghanistan, Indo-Nepal border dispute in Kalapani, Honour Killing in Pakistan, New protests  in Hong Kong & the Anti-lockdown protests in Europe

read more
Conflict Weekly 18
May 2020 | IPRI # 68
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Kalapani dispute in India-Nepal border, Migrants exodus in India, Continuing violence in Balochistan and KP

read more
Conflict Weekly 17
May 2020 | IPRI # 67
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The return of Hong Kong Protests, a new Ceasefire in Myanmar, China-Australia Tensions on COVID & Trade, and the Al Qaeda-Islamic State clashes in Africa

read more
Conflict Weekly 16
May 2020 | IPRI # 66
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Binge-fighting in Kashmir Valley, SIGAR report on Afghanistan, Killing of a PTM leader in Pakistan, the US Religious Freedom watchlist, and Haftar's ceasefire call in Libya

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Conflict Weekly 15
April 2020 | IPRI # 65
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire and Self Rule in Yemen, Syrian war trial in Germany, SIPRI annual report on military spending, and Low civilian casualties in Afghanistan 

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 64
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

Healing needs Forgiveness, Accountability, Responsibility and Justice

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 63
IPRI Comments

La Toya Waha

Have the Islamists Won? 

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Conflict Weekly 14
April 2020 | IPRI # 62
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A new wave of arrests in Hong Kong, One year after Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka, ISIS violence in Mozambique, and the coming global Food Crisis

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 61
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Jharkhand: Proactive Judiciary, Strong Civil Society Role, Rural Vigilantes

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 60
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Bihar as Late Entrant: No Prompt Action, Punitive Measures, Migrant Crisis 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 59
IPRI Comments

Anshuman Behera

Odisha’s Three Principles: Prepare for the Worst, Prepare Early, Prevent Loss of Lives

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 58
IPRI Comments

Niharika Sharma

New Delhi as Hotspot: Border Sealing, Curbing Fake News, Proactive leadership

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 57
IPRI Comments

Vaishali Handique

Northeast India: Civil Society in Unison, Media against Racism, Government’s Timely Preparedness 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 56
IPRI Comments

Shyam Hari P

Kerala: Past Lessons and War-Footing response by the administration

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 55
IPRI Comments

Shilajit Sengupta

West Bengal: Proactive Local Leadership, Early Lockdown and Decentralised Action

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 54
IPRI Comments

P Harini Sha

Tamil Nadu’s Three Pronged Approach: Delay Virus Spread, Community Preparedness, Welfare Schemes 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 53
IPRI Comments

Hrudaya C Kamasani

Andhra Pradesh: Early course correction, Independent leadership and Targeted Mitigation  

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 52
IPRI Comments

Sanduni Atapattu

Preventing hatred and suspicion would be a bigger struggle

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 51
IPRI Comments

Chavindi Weerawansha

A majority in the minority community suffers, for the action of a few

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 50
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

The Cardinal sermons for peace, with a message to forgive

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 49
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Who and Why of the Perpetrators

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 48
IPRI Comments

Natasha Fernando

In retrospect, where did we go wrong?

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 47
IPRI Comments

Ruwanthi Jayasekara

Build the power of Co-existence, Trust, Gender and Awareness

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 46
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

New ethnic faultlines at macro and micro levels

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 45
IPRI Comments

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera

A year has gone, but the pain has not vanished

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 44
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, it is a struggle for the women out of the patriarchal shadows

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 43
IPRI Comments

Jenice Jean Goveas

In India, the glass is half full for the women

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 42
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, there is no going back for the women

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Conflict Weekly 13
April 2020 | IPRI # 41
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Executing Mujib's killer in Bangladesh, Continuing conflicts in Myanmar, Questioning Government's sincerity in Naga Peace Deal, Releasing Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, and a report on damming the Mekong river by China

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Conflict Weekly 12
April 2020 | IPRI # 40
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Globally, Coronavirus increases Domestic Violence, deflates Global Protests, threatens Indigenous Communities and imperils the migrants. In South Asia, two reports question the Assam Foreign Tribunal and the Afghan Peace deal

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Afghanistan
April 2020 | IPRI # 39
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

One month after the deal with the Taliban: Problems Four, Progress None

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Conflict Weekly 11
April 2020 | IPRI # 38
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Releasing a former soldier convicted of a war crime in Sri Lanka, Deepening of internal conflicts in Myanmar and the Taliban’s Deal is a smokescreen in Afghanistan

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Report Review
March 2020 | IPRI # 37
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

Pakistan: Decline in Terrorism

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Conflict Weekly 10
March 2020 | IPRI # 36
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

More violence in Afghanistan, Naxal ambush in India, Federal-Provincial differences in Pakistan's Corona fight, and a new report on the impact of CoronaVirus on Conflicts

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Conflict Weekly 09
March 2020 | IPRI # 35
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The CoronaVirus: South Asia copes, China stabilises, Europe bleeds and the US wakes up finally

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Conflict Weekly 08
March 2020 | IPRI # 34
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Triumphant Women's march across Pakistan, Anti-CAA Protests in Dhaka,  Two Presidents in Afghanistan, and Turkey-Russia Ceasefire in Syria

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Conflict Weekly 07
March 2020 | IPRI # 33
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Aurat March in Pakistan, US-Taliban Deal in Doha, Anti-CAA protest in Meghalaya, Sri Lanka’s withdrawal from the UNCHCR Resolution, and the problems of ceasefire in Syria and Libya 

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Conflict Weekly 06
February 2020 | IPRI # 32
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Seven Days of Peace in Afghanistan, Violence in Delhi, Setback to Peace Talks on Libya and the Ceasefire in Gaza

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Conflict Weekly 05
February 2020 | IPRI # 31
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Afghan Election Results, US-Taliban Deal, Hafiz Saeed Conviction, Quetta Suicide Attack, Assam Accord, Mexico Femicide and the Climate Change impact on Bird Species

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Conflict Weekly 04
February 2020 | IPRI # 30
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka drops Tamil anthem, Assam looks for a new census for the indigenous Muslim population, Bangladesh faces a Rohingya boat tragedy and Israel witnesses resurgence of violence post-Trump deal

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Conflict Weekly 03
February 2020 | IPRI # 29
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Violence in Afghanistan, Bodo Peace Accord in Northeast India, Attack on the anti-CAA protesters in Delhi, and Trump's Middle East Peace Plan

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Conflict Weekly 02
January 2020 | IPRI # 28
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bangladesh and ICJ's Rohingya Verdict, Taliban and Afghan Peace, Surrenders in India's Northeast, New government in Lebanon and the Berlin summit on Libya

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Conflict Weekly 01
January 2020 | IPRI # 27
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Nile River Agreement, Tehran Protests, Syrians meet in Berlin, Honduran Caravans in Mexico, Taliban's ceasefire offer, Quetta Suicide attack, Supreme court verdict on J&K and the Brus Agreement in Tripura

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Myanmar
October 2019 | IPRI # 26
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Will prosecuting Suu Kyi resolve the Rohingya problem?

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Climate Change
October 2019 | IPRI # 25
IPRI Comments

Lakshman Chakravarthy N & Rashmi Ramesh

Four Actors, No Action

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From Okjökull to OK:
September 2019 | IPRI # 24
IPRI Comments

Rashmi Ramesh

Death of a Glacier in Iceland

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The Hong Kong Protests:
August 2019 | IPRI # 23
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Re-defining mass mobilization

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The Hong Kong Protest:
August 2019 | IPRI # 22
IPRI Comments

Parikshith Pradeep

Who Wants What?

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Africa
December 2020 | IPRI # 6
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ballots and Bloodshed: Trends of electoral violence in Africa

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Myanmar
March 2019 | IPRI # 5
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The Other Conflict in Rakhine State

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West Asia
February 2019 | IPRI # 4
IPRI Comments

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Yemen: Will Sa'nna fall?

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China and Islam
February 2019 | IPRI # 3
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudhan

Sinicizing the Minorities

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Terrorism
January 2019 | IPRI # 2
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Maghreb: What makes al Shahab Resilient?

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India's Northeast
July 2019 | IPRI # 1
IPRI Briefs

Titsala Sangtam

Counting Citizens: Manipur charts its own NRC

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