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   International Peace Research Initiative (IPRI)
Conflict Resolution and Peace Research Programme
National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS)
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Conflict Weekly #198, 19 October 2023, Vol.4, No.42
An initiative by NIAS-IPRI and the India Office of the KAS

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IPRI # 393, 19 October 2023

Conflict Weekly
The Conflict Escalation in Israel and the Failed Indigenous Voice Referendum in Australia

  IPRI Team

D Suba Chandran and Dhriti Mukherjee

Into the Second Week: Expanding Gaza Conflict, Increasing Violence, and Impending Humanitarian Disaster
D Suba Chandran

In the news
On 20 October, the Executive Director of the UN World Food Programme (WFP), Cindy H. McCain, who called for “full and complete unimpeded access” said that in Gaza “less than a week of food left…People are going to die unless we can gain access.”

On 20 October, the UK Prime Minister, Rishi Sunak, was in the region meeting the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. He was quoted by the BBC about the UK's vision of a “future where Palestinian people can live with dignity, with freedom and security” and also that the opening of Rafah crossing into Gaza is imminent. 

On 20 October, the UN Secretary-General stated: “The situation in Gaza has reached a dangerous new low” and wanted to “prevent further dangerous escalation in the West Bank or elsewhere in the region, especially in southern Lebanon…Even wars have rules…Civilians must be protected and also never used as shields.”

On 19 October, the US President Joe Biden, in a special address, stated: “The terrorist group Hamas unleashed pure unadulterated evil in the world… Hamas and Putin represent different threats, but they share this in common. They both want to completely annihilate a neighbouring democracy — annihilate it. Hamas’ stated purpose for existing is the destruction of the state of Israel and the murder of Jewish people. Hamas does not represent the Palestinian people. Hamas uses Palestinian civilians as human shields and innocent Palestinian families are suffering greatly because of them.”

On 17 October, a rocket attack on a hospital in Gaza caused a huge uproar. According to local sources, more than 500 were killed in the attack. While Hamas blamed Israel, the latter denied it. Independent sources from the US and the UK claim that it could be the result of a failed launch by another militant group - the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). The attack has led to spontaneous protests across the Arab region against Israel.

On 16 October, according to the BBC, the Israel Defense Forces announced an evacuation of civilians living two kilometres close to the Lebanon border to “reduce harm to civilians and enable the IDF freedom of action if it is required.”

On 12 October, the Washington Post quoted a spokesperson for the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) on the objective of the new operation against the Hamas. According to him: “Unlike other operations, we are collapsing the governance and sovereignty of the Hamas organisation.” The report also mentioned Israel mobilising 360,000 reservists and armoured divisions. 

On 12 October, on the evolving humanitarian situation in Gaza, the Washington Post quoted the Head of Doctors Without Borders in Gaza, Matthias Kennes, saying: “We know what it was like in 2014 and 2021, thousands died. Each time, our medical colleagues go to work, not knowing if they will see their homes or their families again.” The report also referred to a threat by Israel’s Minister of Energy and Infrastructure, Karine Elharrar: “Humanitarian aid to Gaza? No electrical switch will be lifted, no hydrant will be opened and no fuel truck will enter until the Israeli hostages are returned home. Humanitarian for humanitarian. And nobody should preach us morals.” 

Issues at large
First, Israel’s plan for a ground offensive. The government of Israel is planning for a punitive strike aimed at a radical objective – wiping off the Hamas from Gaza. However, the plan risks a huge collateral in terms of civilian casualties. Hence, Israel has asked the civilians in the region to vacate; given the narrow geographic territory, the options for an exodus are limited. In the south of Gaza, Egypt has closed its border. While the US and other Western countries are pressuring Egypt to open the border, the countries in the Middle East are apprehensive of another round of Palestinian refugees. These countries are pressuring the US to ask Israel to stop any ground offensive. Israel wants to finish off the Hamas; this would involve door-to-door operations in Gaza and a high level of violence.

Second, the likelihood of geographic expansion of the conflict. Although the current round of conflict has started between the Hamas based in Gaza and the state of Israel, the likelihood of its geographic expansion into the north with Hezbollah in Lebanon remains high. Iran is believed to be supporting Hezbollah and wants the latter to act as its proxy. Israel has already issued a warning to its people in the north bordering Lebanon to evacuate. 

Third, the anti-Israel sentiment in the Middle East. The immediate reaction in the streets of the Middle East from the east of Israel to Egypt and Tunisia in the west highlights the anti-Israel sentiments in the region. Despite the diplomatic efforts, the signing of the Abraham Accords and the normalisation of relations with the state of Israel during recent months, the public mood on the ground remains the same: anti-Israel. The state in the Middle East seems to be sympathetic to the public mood as could be seen from the refusal of the leaders to meet with the US President who dashed to the region this week.

Fourth, the support from the West. Following an extensive round of meetings and trips in the various capitals by the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken came the visit of the US President Joe Biden and the UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak. Repeated statements from Biden indicate the support for Israel and its right to defend itself. 

Fifth, the release of hostages taken by the Hamas. After their surprise attack on 7 October, it is believed more than 200 people of different nationalities, but mostly from Israel, were held as hostages by the Hamas. Israel and other Western countries want their immediate release. Qatar is believed to be playing a major role in getting the hostages released. The air raids and ground offensive by Israel will complicate the negotiations, which is what the Hamas would want.

In perspective
First, Israel’s endgame. The government’s immediate aim is to get the Israeli hostages released by Hamas. However, if the long-term objective is to eliminate Hamas and remain on the ground in Gaza, it would be a long haul for Israel and even be disastrous. Even if Israel succeeds in eliminating the Hamas, how it would want to govern Gaza and who would do it will remain a bigger challenge.

Second, the threat of escalation. The second week of the current crisis has witnessed the threat of geographic and political escalation. If the Israeli troops move into Gaza, they will be moving into the Hamas’ territory. The way that Hamas has triggered the current round of conflict with the firing of thousands of rockets should highlight how well-armed they are now. Any ground offensive will end up being violent and messy in Gaza. In the north of Israel, there is another likely escalation with the Hezbollah based in Lebanon. 

Third, Iran at the centre. Recent developments in the region – the Abraham Accords, normalisation of Arab-Israel relations and the internal situation within Israel have taken Tehran out of the Middle East equation. With one swift attack by the Hamas, Iran seems to have occupied the centre again. It has pushed those regimes looking for normalisation with Israel on their back foot and has raised the regional public anger against Israel and their respective governments. 

Fourth, the impending humanitarian disaster. The international organisations have already been highlighting the availability of food and water if Israel insists on its embargo and the border points are not opened. The situation on the ground is likely to get worse.


Australia’s Failed Referendum on Indigenous Voice: Navigating recognition and reconciliation
Dhriti Mukherjee

In the news
On 14 October, Australia’s voice referendum on indigenous recognition failed with 40 per cent voting in favour and 60 per cent against. The referendum sought to recognise Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders as the first people of Australia by introducing Section 129. It would provide the indigenous community the “Voice to Parliament” giving them political representation and influence. It also aimed at providing them “executive” powers “with respect to matters relating to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Voice.”

Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese advocated for the “Voice to Parliament” stating: “The Voice vote could be a unifying force for Australia, offering Indigenous communities the political representation they deserve.” 

An indigenous community leader stated: “This referendum’s outcome reinforces the enduring challenge of achieving reconciliation and recognising Indigenous rights in Australia.”

Another indigenous community leader, Rachel Williams, asserted: “The mere fact that this referendum took place shows that Australia is willing to acknowledge and address the issues that have long plagued Indigenous communities.” 

However, opposition to the referendum was vocal with former President of the Australian Labour Party, Nyunggai Warren Mundine, explaining: “The Yes23 campaign did not effectively communicate how the Voice would work and improve lives. It’s essential that all Australians are treated as equals.” The multi-million-dollar Yes23 campaign was initiated to mobilise people to vote for the passing of the referendum. 

The Washington Post deemed the failure to be a “crushing blow” for the Indigenous peoples; the Associated Press (AP) declared it a “major setback to the country’s efforts for reconciliation with its First Peoples.” 

Issues at large
First, a brief note on the referendum. The Australian Indigenous Voice referendum was introduced by the Australian government, led by Prime Minister Anthony Albanese. This was in response to the Uluru Statement from the Heart, a document released in 2017 by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders. The Voice to Parliament was meant to be a formal body for indigenous people to advise the parliament on laws and policies related to their communities. The government believed that it would improve their lives by giving them a greater say in the decision-making.

Second, the history of Australia’s indigenous peoples. The Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders lived in Australia for over 65,000 years. The first Aboriginal Australians are from Southeast Asia; the Torres Strait Islanders are from Papua New Guinea. In 1788, the British began to colonise the continent resulting in the suppression of these communities and dispossession of land. Colonialism left disparities within Indigenous communities in areas including health, education and incarceration. They continue to experience racism, high rates of poverty, disease and social disadvantages. They currently live all over Australia, but most reside in the Northern Territory, Queensland and Western Australia. 

Third, the political differences between the Labour and Conservative parties. There was a political division on the stance taken by Australia’s major political parties. The Labour Party supported the referendum as a necessary step towards reconciliation. However, the National Party and Liberal Party opposed arguing that the referendum would create a special status for indigenous peoples. National Party leader, David Littleproud, argued that the referendum was “not the right way to go” and that it would “divide the country.”

Fourth, the failure of the Yes23 campaign. A member of the campaign, Marcus Stewart, shed light on the “bullying and misinformation” on social media that characterised their efforts. He stated that they “struggled” with getting their message across. Former Labor strategist, Kos Samar, stated that the campaign relied “on techniques that were suited to people who are super engaged with regards to this referendum.” This meant that “people voted no because they have not engaged with the referendum and [didn’t] have enough information.” Therefore, the ‘No’ campaign “capitalised” on the “communication problem.”

In perspective
First, a positive development, despite the negative vote. Although the referendum did not secure approval, it marked a positive development in Australia’s efforts to address the challenges faced by its indigenous communities. However, the referendum’s rejection implies the challenges in achieving reconciliation and recognising the rights of indigenous Australians.

Second, a divided public response. The public response to the referendum reveals a stark division within the Australian society with support for ‘Yes’- strong in inner suburbs and low in outer suburban areas. Those who were part of the Yes23 campaign have gone into a collective week of silence after the “tragic” results. Those who voted ‘No’ viewed the Voice proposal as “niche and bespoke,” which would cause a “land grab.” Cumberland City Councillor Steve Christou hailed the failure as a win for “equality and common sense.” There were also worries of division as opposers felt that the indigenous community would get “special” rights and treatment.

Third, alternative pathways to change. A reconsideration could be expected with alternative pathways to address indigenous issues. These alternatives include legislative reforms and treaties to recognise indigenous rights and address disparities. There is a popular narrative that those who voted ‘No’ believe in a better pathway than constitutional enshrinement.

Fourth, global response. Criticism against the rejection was not limited to the West. The Japanese media, Nikkea Asia, commented: “Australia is the only developed nation with a colonial history that doesn’t recognise the existence of its Indigenous people in the constitution.” The coverage of the referendum by global media can impact Australia’s diplomatic position within the Asia-Pacific region. Steps towards granting indigenous rights and representation are gaining traction. The Arctic Council approved the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Policy (AIPP) in June 2023 recognising the role of Indigenous people. Australia’s referendum could thus spark more dialogue in the Asia-Pacific region. 


Issues in Peace and Conflict This Week:
Regional Roundups

Rishika Yadav, Anu Maria Joseph, Femy Francis, Padmashree Anandhan, Dhriti Mukherjee, Shamini Velayutham, Nuha Aamina and Vetriselvi Baskaran

East and Southeast Asia 
China: Xi Jinping warns against “decoupling” from Chinese economy
On 18 October, Chinese President Xi Jinping addressed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) forum in Beijing. Xi apprised the Western countries of “decoupling” against the Chinese economy and suggested that China’s economy is rather an asset to the global economy amidst dwindling foreign investments. Additionally, he accused the West of hampering Beijing’s growth stating: “We stand against unilateral sanctions, economic coercion, decoupling, and supply chain disruption.” He also elaborated that hampering one country’s development won't speed up their own, adding that “China can only do well when the world is doing well… When China does well, the world will get even better.” Xi announced that China will open access to foreign investment in the manufacturing sector and will remove investment restrictions to facilitate better trade ties.

China: Pentagon releases footage of 180 incidents of Chinese interception towards US warplanes
On 18 October, the Associated Press (AP) reported on a released Pentagon document claiming that more than 180 times China had intercepted US warplanes in the past two years. The report noted that there has been an exponential rise which is double the amount compared to the previous decade. The Head of US Indo-Pacific Command, Admiral John Acquilino, stated: “We have been taking several steps to strengthen our commitment to the region, strengthen our deterrence in the region and we will continue to do that.” Assistant Secretary to Indo-Pacific Security Affairs, Ely Ratner, stated: “All of these examples we’ve released today underscore the coercive intent of (China) by engaging in behaviours, particularly in international airspace.” 

China: New AI provision bans export of sophisticated AI chips to China
On 17 October, the US Department of Commerce announced that they plan to block the sale of advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) chips from China. The department plans to avert all loopholes on AI chip exports that dodged the restrictions imposed in 2022. Nvidia, the AI chip platform, announced that owing to the new US export restrictions it will also halt the sales of its latest AI chips A800 and H800. A retaliation is expected by the Chinese government against US firms in China. US Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo stated: “The updates are specifically designed to control access to computing power which will significantly slow the PRC’s development of the next-generation frontier model, and could be leveraged in ways that threaten the US and our allies, especially because they could be used for military uses and modernization.”

Taiwan: 13 Chinese aeroplanes violate air zones
On 19 October, the Taiwanese Ministry of National Defence reported that they detected 13 Chinese aircraft violating their air defence zone. They accused Chinese aircraft including fighter jets and drones of performing combat drills and patrols. This comes in light of consistent infringement and increasing Chinese intimidation tactics over Taiwan. Taiwan’s Ministry of Defence has repeatedly expressed its worry over the rising Chinese military activities.

North Korea: Defends nuclear program against US “nuclear supremacy”
On 17 October, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) described its nuclear program as a self-defence strategy against the US’ “nuclear supremacy.” A researcher at the Foreign Ministry’s Institute for Disarmament and Peace, Kim Kwang Myong, accused the US of escalating regional tensions and destabilising world peace with its nuclear program. Kim stated: "The US, the world's biggest nuclear weapons state and the world's first nuclear user which adopted the preemptive nuclear attack on other countries as its national policy, is talking about 'nuclear threat' from someone.” 

South Korea: US nuclear-capable bomber arrives, aiming to reassure allies
On 16 October, US Forces Korea (USFK) reported that a US Air Force B-52 Stratofortress, capable of carrying nuclear weapons, would arrive in South Korea this week. It will land for the 2023 Seoul International Aerospace and Defence Exhibition (ADEX). The move is seen as a gesture by the US to reassure South Korea of the strong deterrence capabilities of their alliance with the US amid concerns related to the North Korean aggression in the Korean Peninsula. South Korean and US aircraft are participating in the event involving over 500 exhibitors from 34 countries. USFK stated that the participation of the B-52 Stratofortress is to promote “peace, stability and prosperity on the Korean Peninsula.”

South Korea: Plans to impose record fines on Hong Kong investment banks for naked short-selling
On 16 October, South Korea's Financial Supervisory Service (FSS) uncovered two Hong Kong-based investment banks involved in illegal naked short-selling. Naked short-selling is when an investor sells shares before borrowing them. Two unnamed investment banks conducted transactions of KRW 40 billion and KRW 16 billion violating South Korea's Capital Markets Act 2009. The FSS expressed the need to prevent such violations and stated that it would investigate similar practices at other investment banks to create a favourable environment for foreign investors.

The Philippines: Navy vessel nearly collides with a Chinese ship
On 16 October, the South China Morning Post (SCMP) reported that a Philippine ship was made to steer clear of a Chinese vessel. A Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) vessel came as close as 320 metres to the Philippine Navy's BRP Benguet as it was on its regular resupply mission to a military station. Thitu Island is Manila’s biggest outpost in the South China Sea. The Philippines raised concerns over China’s violation of collision regulations, however, China cited the nine-dash line. The spokesperson of China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mao Ning, asserted that the Philippines violated China’s sovereignty by illegally occupying the Thitu Islands.

Indonesia: Seven civilians killed by an insurgent group in Papua
On 17 October, Indonesian police claimed that assailants opened fire at mining workers on a Monday afternoon, according to the South China Morning Post. The Papua region has observed similar events. A special group has been formed to handle the insurgents; Faizal Ramdhani, head of the Taskforce, reported that the gunfire lasted for one and a half hours and the personnel were attacked. Seven bodies were found dead, most migrants from the Sulawesi region and eleven were rescued. The rebels stated that the reason behind the attacks was to warn the migrants to leave the region of Papua.

Singapore: Scrutiny on money laundering scandal by Credit Suisse and others
On 18 October, around two billion USD worth of assets and jewellery were seized from a group of alleged money launderers in Singapore. The Monetary Authority of Singapore plans to conduct an on-site inspection at banks to determine if wealthy clients were handled properly. Credit Suisse is one of these banks that holds relations with the accused or their companies.

Singapore: Prime Minister warns of China’s growing influence
On 13 October, Prime Minister of Singapore, Lawrence Wong, stated that China would have to grow by “adjusting” and “moderating” itself and not “pressure” and “coerce” countries in the process in a dialogue session at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. In the backdrop, there are growing tensions between China and other Southeast Asian countries over claims in the South China Sea and its development initiatives in unoccupied land features. Singapore stands non-aligned in the rivalry between China and the US. According to him, while Singapore values the US friendship, even China is “good” friends with all Southeast Asian countries and Singapore aims at maintaining ties with both. 

South Asia
India: Supreme Court rejects legalising same-sex marriages
On 17 October, the Indian Supreme Court opted not to legalise same-sex marriages. The court stated that the legislature is the appropriate body to decide on this contentious matter. Following numerous petitions filed since last year, the case was brought up. The court asked the panel of five judges to look at homosexual relationships. The bench, led by Chief Justice of India Dhananjaya Yeshwant Chandrachud, stated: “The panel needed to consider the degree of agreement and disagreement on this issue, and the panel needed to incorporate the experts on dealing with the social, emotional, and psychological needs of the people.” Chandrachud then declared that the court “should only interpret what has already been written; it cannot make law.” 

Pakistan:  Former US officials ask not to deport Afghans seeking relocation 
On 18 October, a request was made to Pakistan in an open letter by the former US diplomats and leaders of resettlement groups to hold back from deporting thousands of Afghans awaiting US visas as part of the US initiative to relocate Afghan refugees who are at risk. The officials commented in their letter that arresting Afghans seeking relocation in the US is unnecessary. They also urged Pakistan to work with the US in the visa process. The letter was signed by 80 former US officials and representatives of resettlement organisations. This request came weeks after Pakistan declared it would be taking action against the illegal immigrants including 1.7 million Afghans and asked them to leave the country by 31 October to prevent widespread detention and removal.

Bangladesh: The IMF approved the initial assessment of the USD 4.7 billion bailout
On 19 October, Bangladesh and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reached a staff-level agreement on the first review of the USD 4.7 billion bailout. Out of the three economically challenged South Asian countries who requested the loan including Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the IMF approved the USD 4.7 billion loan in January to Bangladesh with an immediate delivery of USD 476 million, making it the first country to secure a loan. 

Nepal: The Indian government allows non-basmati rice exports
On 18 October, India’s Directorate General of Foreign Trade notified the Indian government allowing the export of non-basmati white rice of about 95,000 tons to Nepal by reducing the export bans to a limited extent, which was enforced in July. According to the reports, rice smuggling in Nepal has surged since India banned exports. Nepal largely depends on India for imported foods. 

Afghanistan: UN officials on frequent earthquakes
On 17 October, UN officials reported that more than 90 per cent of those who lost their lives in the recent earthquakes were women and children. The quakes killed more than 2000 people, Taliban officials reported. Between 7 and 15 October, the country saw a devastating series of earthquakes. Following the earthquake, the aftermath, food shortages, loss of infrastructure and the dust storms worsened the situation. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 20,000 families were affected by last week’s disaster. 

Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa
Iran: Warns “preemptive” measures against Israel
On 17 October, Iran warned of a potential "preemptive" response against Israel “in the coming hours” while Israel plans a ground offensive on the Gaza Strip. Since 13 October, Israel and the Iran-backed group, Hezbollah, have been exchanging fire along the Israeli-Lebanese border. This has escalated tensions as Israel bombards the Gaza Strip in response to the offensive by the Palestinian armed group, Hamas, since 7 October. On 16 October, Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hossein Amir-abdollahian, stated: “All possible options and scenarios are there for Hezbollah … Naturally, resistance leaders will not allow the Zionist regime to take any action in Gaza, and when it feels reassured about Gaza, move on to other resistance areas in the region.” Hours later, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated: "We're in a battle for our lives. A battle for our home, this is not an exaggeration, this is the war. It's do or die - they need to die."

Iran: Urges Muslim countries to boycott Israel over the alleged hospital attack in Gaza
On 18 October, Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs Hossein Amir-abdollahian stated that the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) members should impose an oil embargo, economic sanctions and the expulsion of all Israeli diplomats over the alleged strike on the al-Ahli Arab hospital in Gaza that killed more than 500 people. Amir-abdollahian's remarks were made during an urgent OIC conference in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to discuss the worsening Israeli-Palestinian crisis. The Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that it "calls for an immediate and total embargo on Israel by Islamic countries, including oil sanctions, as well as expelling Israeli ambassadors if relations with the Zionist regime have been established.” It also demanded the creation of a group of Muslim attorneys to investigate any possible war crimes Israel may have perpetrated in Gaza.

Iraq: Three drones hit US bases in Iraq; soldiers injured
On 18 October, AP reported on a wave of drone assaults at the US bases in Iraq that caused minor injuries to several soldiers. AP quoted a US official that two drones targeted the al-Asad airbase in western Iraq and one drone targeted a base in northern Iraq. According to a statement by the US Central Command, US forces thwarted all three. The US Central Command stated: “In this moment of heightened alert, we are vigilantly monitoring the situation in Iraq and the region. US forces will defend US and coalition forces against any threat.” Following the US support to Israel against Palestine, militias backed by Iran have vowed to attack US bases in Iraq. The Islamic Resistance in Iraq, a federation of Iranian-backed militias, claimed responsibility for the two drone attacks and announced additional operations against the "American occupation.”

Ethiopia: Eritrea against Prime Minister Abiy’s remark on the Red Sea
On 16 October, the Eritrean government commented that they would not be “drawn into” discussions on Ethiopia’s access to the Red Sea. The tensions come after Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed stated that access to the Red Sea is “a matter of existence” for his country. He stated: "The Red Sea and the Nile River define Ethiopia. They are the foundations for Ethiopia's development or its demise.” Ethiopia is a landlocked country that depends on Djibouti for 85 per cent of its exports and imports as Djibouti port is proximate to the country

Mozambique: Opposition protests against election irregularities
On 17 October, BBC Africa reported on protests in Mozambique’s capital Maputo. The protests were carried out by the opposition party, Renamo, against the elections held on 13 October which they claimed were rigged and favoured the ruling party, Frelimo. Meanwhile, the police fired tear gas against the protesters injuring several. An unnamed protester stated: "They didn’t need to do this, after all, isn’t this democracy? We are marching peacefully and we don’t want problems with anyone.” Renamo failed to secure any seats this term although it governed seven municipalities previously. Leader of Renamo, Ossufo Momade, asserted that they will continue the protests until the “election truth” is uncovered.

South Africa: Four children killed in heavy rains
On 18 October, BBC Africa reported on heavy rains in the provinces of Manicaland and Midlands in Zimbabwe. Five children were killed in the heavy rains and lightning. Meanwhile, heavy rains were also reported in the neighbouring country, South Africa, in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape. In September, at least 11 people were killed in heavy rains in the province of Western Cape in South Africa. 

Nigeria: Gunmen abduct 50 people
On 17 October, BBC Africa reported that at least 50 people including women and children were abducted by gunmen in the state of Zamfara in Nigeria. The incident happened after armed men stormed the village of Bagega on motorcycles. At least three people were killed and several others were injured after the gunmen used weapons indiscriminately and set houses on fire. Kidnappings for ransom are common in northwestern Nigeria. It is carried out by armed men, also known as bandits, who target villages and schools. There has been a relative lull in ransom kidnapping for the past few months. However, the latest development is concerning considering the worsening security situation in West Africa followed by the coup in Niger and the withdrawal of the UN and French troops. 

Europe and the Americas 
Sweden: Thunberg arrested in protest held in London
On 17 October, Sweden’s young climate activist, Greta Thunberg, was arrested by the UK police for breaching a section of the Public Order Act 2023 during a gathering of protestors outside an oil and gas conference. During the protest, Thunberg along with hundreds of people from Fossil Free London and Greenpeace groups were seen chanting “Oily Money Out.” She stated: “Behind these closed doors, spineless politicians are making deals and compromises with lobbyists from [the] destructive fossil fuel industry.” They protested the fossil fuel companies which they claim delayed the energy transition and shifted towards renewables to make profits. According to Thunberg, the consequence of using fossil fuels is clear and despite the awareness, the industries continue to do “nothing.” 

France: Government bans pro-Palestinian protests
On 12 October, cities in France including Paris, Lille and Bordeaux witnessed protests in support of Palestine. In response, French Minister of Interior, Gerald Darmanin, announced a ban on demonstrations and stated that those who resisted were to be arrested. French President Emmanuel Macron asked the public to not cause division stating: “The shield of unity will protect us from hatred and excesses.” The ban on protests comes after concerns among Europeans following the antisemitism triggered by the conflict in Israel. Pro-Palestinian groups have asserted that the ban endangers their “freedom of expression” and stressed the importance of continuing the protests.

Ukraine: Zelenskyy reports on strike using ATACMS missile system
On 17 October, Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, reported on destroying nine Russian helicopters using the Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS). This comes after the US delivered “a small number of missiles” to Ukraine. Ukrainian forces utilised long-range ATACMS missiles for strikes on two air bases in the occupied cities of Berdiansk and Luhansk. According to a BBC report, the attack caused a “serious blow.” The ATACMS is a surface-to-surface artillery weapon system which can strike long-range targets beyond army cannons and rockets. In response, Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed Russian Aerospace Forces to patrol permanently in the neutral zone over the Black Sea.

The UK: Ministry of Defence reports a new Russian offensive in eastern Ukraine
On 17 October, the UK’s Ministry of Defence gave its intelligence update on Ukraine. According to the update, Russian forces have initiated a highly probable coordinated offensive in eastern Ukraine. It is focused on the heavily defended town of Bakhmut, a major obstacle to Russia’s objective of controlling Donetsk Oblast. Ukrainian forces have managed to repel the advance resulting in substantial losses for Russia. These challenges have likely led to Russia’s shift from an offensive to an “active-defence” stance. 

Colombia: Diplomatic tensions with Israel over controversial statements on Hamas attacks
On 15 October, the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that it has suspended security exports to Colombia after Colombian President Gustavo Petro compared Israel’s siege of Gaza to the actions of Nazi Germany. The diplomatic tensions rose after Petro stated that “terrorism is killing innocent children in Palestine,” accusing Israel of transforming Gaza into a “concentration camp.” The Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that these comments “inflame antisemitism” and suggested that Israel’s ambassador should leave Colombia. Despite being Israel’s closest Latin American partner, having used Israeli weaponry to combat gang violence in 2020, the alliance has dwindled since the beginning of Petro’s term. Tensions flared further when Petro wrote on X that Hamas was “invented” by Israel’s intelligence service as an “excuse” to “punish” Palestinians. Petro commented that he was ready to “suspend diplomatic relations with Israel.”

Colombia: Three-month ceasefire with FARC
On 16 October, the Colombian government and the rebel branch of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), FARC-EMC, signed a three-month ceasefire in the Tibu township. The government’s lead negotiator, Camilo González, stated: “Peace today seems to have been eclipsed when sirens, bombs, shouts of pain and desperation can be heard in places like the Middle East, Europe or sub-Saharan Africa.” González described the talks as a “bet on life and freedom” as 12,000 rebels have surrendered their guns. This development is part of Colombian President Gustav Petro’s total peace plan while regional elections are scheduled to take place on 29 October 2023. Although the group has agreed to not interfere with the electoral process, Colombian security analyst Jorge Restrepo shed light on the “disputes between the different groups that make up the EMC,” meaning that the ceasefire would not be implemented immediately.

Mexico: Leader of civilian “self-defence” group Bruno Plácido shot dead
On 17 October, Bruno Plácido, one of Mexico's last chiefs of armed vigilante movements, was shot dead in Chilpancingo in South Mexico. Plácido gained fame in 2013 after turning over 50 gang members to civilian prosecutors by keeping them in improvised jails. Plácido stated that the frequent killings by drug gangs created a “psychosis of fear” and thus armed hundreds of villagers with old hunting rifles and pistols to effectively defend themselves. These villagers claimed that government authorities had previously been unsuccessful in providing safety. Plácido’s death follows that of Hipólito Mora, another main leader of a vigilante movement. This highlights the infiltration of these movements by cartels and the worsening gang violence in Mexico.

Guatemala: Interior Minister Napoleón Barrientos resigns after three weeks of pro-democracy protests
On 16 October, Guatemala’s Minister of Interior, Napoleón Barrientos, resigned following a shooting that killed one person and injured two people during the three weeks of pro-democracy protests. These protests were against the suspension of President-elect Bernardo Arévalo’s Movimiento Semilla party after his election victory. Barrientos announced after his resignation that he preferred to hold talks with those demanding the resignation of Attorney General Consuelo Porras whose office was responsible for the investigation into Arévalo.

Brazil: Bolsonaro describes congressional panel’s charges as “an absurdity”
On 18 October, a Brazilian congressional panel accused former President Jair Bolsonaro of attempting to stage a coup by instigating the 8 January riots. The riots took place a week after Brazil’s current President Lula de Silva came to office when thousands of Bolsonaro’s supporters stormed the Congress, Supreme Court and Presidential Palace. The panel’s 1,300-page report recommended that Bolsonaro should be charged on four counts including an attempt to overthrow democratic rule. It further stated that he “not only instrumentalized public bodies, institutions and agents but also exploited the vulnerability and hope of thousands of people.” Bolsonaro has described the panel’s findings to be “completely biased.”

The US: Jim Jordan fails to secure enough votes in the second round of voting on speaker
On 18 October, after a second round of voting, right-congressman Jim Jordan failed to secure a position as the speaker; 199 Republicans supported Jordan; while 212 Democrats decided to vote for their leader Hakeem Jeffries. Questions are now being raised over whether Jordan is a suitable candidate owing to the number of people who had initially supported him having decreased. Jordan is currently hoping to win in a potential third round of voting on 19 October. He commented on X that Republicans “must stop attacking each other and come together” as there is “too much at stake” given the Israel-Gaza conflict.

The US: Senator Bob Menendez accused of acting as “an agent of foreign principal” to Egypt
On 12 October, US Senator Bob Menendez was charged with serving as an unregistered agent for Egypt. Prosecutors allege that he entered a “corrupt agreement” to “approve or remove holds on foreign military financing and sales of military equipment to Egypt” in return for bribes. Additionally, he is being accused of revealing sensitive and confidential information about the US embassy in Cairo to his co-defendants. Menendez and his wife were indicted on the allegation that they accepted bribes (in the form of gold bars, home mortgage payments, a Mercedes-Benz and money) in exchange for using his position to help the Egyptian government. The charge came back to light following the bribery indictment on 22 September. Menendez has responded: I “firmly believe when all the facts are presented, not only will I be exonerated but I will still be the New Jersey senior senator.”

The US: Congressional report states the US is “on the cusp of” simultaneous wars with China and Russia
On 12 October, the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States released a report recommending the US to step up its military modernisation in preparation for potential simultaneous wars with China and Russia. The commission stated that the current global situation is “fundamentally different” to what was experienced “even in the darkest days of the Cold War.” As the “risk of military conflict with Russia and China” has “grown,” the commission feels that the US is “not prepared.” There were several recommendations in the report including “fully and urgently” executing the 2019 nuclear weapons modernisation programme, expanding all warheads and nuclear delivery systems and deploying tactical nuclear weapons in Asia and Europe.  

The US: Six-year-old Muslim boy stabbed to death by landlord claiming “you Muslims must die”
On 14 October, a six-year-old Muslim boy, Wadea al-Fayoume, was stabbed to death in the state of Chicago by the family’s landlord Joseph Czuba. Authorities have linked the crime to the “on-going Middle Eastern conflict involving Hamas and the Israelis.” His mother, Hanaan Shahin, was also stabbed multiple times and is currently recovering in a hospital. The attack followed an argument between Shahin and Czuba over the Israel-Hamas conflict. Shahin stated that she was “shocked” but not “surprised” and expressed concern over the safety of the “powerless kids around the world that are in Palestine now.” Wadea’s uncle, Yousef Hannon, highlighted that “there was no signs of anything wrong” between Czuba and the family, adding that he treated Wadea “like a grandson.” The Department of Justice stated that it would “use every legal authority” to bring justice to the family. The White House released a statement citing that “there is no place in America for hate against anyone.” 

(The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of any institutions or organisations.)


About the authors
D Suba Chandran is the Professor and Dean of the School of Conflict and Security Studies, NIAS. Anu Maria Joseph, Femy Francis and Rishika Yadav are Research Assistants at NIAS. Dhriti Mukherjee and Shamini Velayutham are Research Assistants at NIAS. Padmashree Anandhan is a Research Associate at NIAS. Nuha Aamina is an Undergraduate Scholar at St Joseph’s University, Bengaluru. Vetriselvi Baskaran is a Postgraduate Scholar at the University of Madras, Chennai.

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Mali ends defence ties with France: What does this mean

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Conflict Weekly
May 2022 | IPRI # 274
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Mali-France tensions and anti-UK protests in the Virgin Islands

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Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 273
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

​​​​​​​UK-Rwanda asylum deal, Mexico's continuing femicides, and Afghanistan's sectarian violence 

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Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 272
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The battle for Donbas, Violence in Jerusalem, Riots in Sweden, Kyrgyzstan- Tajikistan border dialogue, and China’s military drills

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Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 271
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in Nigeria, and Russia’s new military strategy in Ukraine

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Conflict Weekly
April 2022 | IPRI # 270
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Political Crises in Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Tunisia; Ceasefire in Yemen; and the Battle for Mariupol

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 269
IPRI Briefs

Sourina Bej

Ceasefire trails in Naga conflict: Space for peace parleys and violent politics

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 268
IPRI Briefs

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Failing Peace in Darfur: Multiple Actors, No Outcome

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 267
IPRI Briefs

Jeshil Samuel J

The 2014 Gaza Ceasefire: A Stopgap to Peace dividend

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 266
IPRI Briefs

Dincy Adlakha

The 1999 Lome Peace Agreement: Issues and failed aspirations

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 265
IPRI Briefs

Anju C Joseph

Ceasefire in Moro Conflict: No lasting solution in sight

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 264
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

30 days of War in Ukraine

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 263
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka’s worsening economic crisis

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 262
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The end of Denmark’s Inuit experiment

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 261
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

International Women’s Day: Gap between policies and realities on gender equality

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 260
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine Invasion: One Week Later

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 259
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine salami slicing and Canada’s freedom convoy protests

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 258
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unfreezing the Afghan assets, Tunisia’s judicial crisis and Libya’s new political deadlock

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 257
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Freedom convoy protests in Canada, and a de-escalation over Ukraine

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NIAS Africa Monitor
February 2022 | IPRI # 256
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Coup in Burkina Faso: Five things to know

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 255
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of the coup in Myanmar, Taliban meetings in Oslo, and the Global hunger report

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 254
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Burkina Faso, Continuing violence in Yemen, and an ISIS attack in Syria

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 253
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Threat of War over Ukraine, a Syrian trial in Germany, and Protests in France

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Central Asia
January 2022 | IPRI # 252
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The unrest in Kazakhstan: Look beyond the trigger

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 251
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest and crackdown in Kazakhstan, Another jail term for Aung San Suu Kyi, Two years after Qasem Soleimani, and Canada's reconciliation with the indigenous people

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 250
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflicts in 2021 : Through Regional Prisms

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 249
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shreya Upadhyay

State of Peace and Conflict in North America in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 248
IPRI Briefs

Dr Aparaajita Pandey

State of Peace and Conflict in Latin America in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 247
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shaji S

State of Peace and Conflict in Africa in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 246
IPRI Briefs

Dr Stanly Johny

State of Peace and conflict in the Middle East in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 245
IPRI Briefs

Dr Athar Zafar

State of Peace and Conflict in Central Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 244
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anshuman Behera

State of Peace and Conflict in South Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 243
IPRI Briefs

Dr Bibhu Prasad Routray

State of Peace and Conflict in Southeast Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 242
IPRI Briefs

Dr Sandip Kumar Mishra

State of Peace and Conflict in East Asia in 2021

read more
NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 241
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anand V

State of Peace and Conflict in China in 2021

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 240
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Top 15 Conflicts in 2021

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 239
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New reports on the Omicron threat, and lifting sanctions on humanitarian aid to Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 238
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

West warns Russia over Ukrainian aggression and South Korea and North Korean agree on end-of-war declaration in principle

read more
NIAS Africa Monitor
December 2021 | IPRI # 237
IPRI Comments

Harshita Rathore

Famine in Ethiopia: The government's refusal to acknowledge, worsens the crisis

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 236
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict Weekly: 100th Issue

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 235
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest in the Solomon Islands, and the 12 million missing children in China

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 234
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-lockdown protests in Europe, Farmers' protests in India, and Continuing instability in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 223
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Europe's other migrant crisis, and Protests in Cuba and Thailand

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 222
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The migrant threat to Europe from Belarus and Ceasefire with the TTP in Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 221
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of Ethiopian conflict and UK-France fishing row

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 220
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Sudan, Pressure on Myanmar's military regime, and the Migrant game by Belarus

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October 2021 | IPRI # 219
IPRI Comments

Vandana Mishra

The Texas abortion law: Five reasons why it is draconian

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 218
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

No honour in honour killing

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 217
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year after Samuel Paty's killing, Kidnapping in Haiti, and Instability in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 216
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

ISIS violence in Afghanistan, and Targeted killings in J&K

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 215
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Rising child abuse in Pakistan: Five reasons why

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 214
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Hazara Persecution in Pakistan: No end in sight

read more
Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 213
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Talking to the Pakistani Taliban: What did Imran say? And what does it mean? Is the rest of Pakistan ready for the same?

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 212
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Protests in Gwadar: Who and Why

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 211
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Bolsonaro protests in Brazil, UK-France fishing row, Talks with the TTP in Pakistan, and the anti-abortion law protests in the US

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 210
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Chinese White Paper on Xinjiang, and the Haitian migrant crisis in the US

read more
NIAS-IPRI Brief
September 2021 | IPRI # 209
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Africa’s Stolen Future:Child abductions, lost innocence, and a glaring reflection of State failure in Nigeria

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Afghanistan
September 2021 | IPRI # 208
IPRI Comments

Vineeth Daniel Vinoy

Who is who in the interim Taliban government? And, what would be the government structure?

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 207
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Pride marches in Europe, Jail term for Hotel Rwanda hero, and continuing Houthi-led violence in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 206
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Europe and Brazil, and an impending humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan

read more
Latin America
September 2021 | IPRI # 205
IPRI Comments

Lokendra Sharma

Two months of Cuban protests: Is the ‘revolution’ ending?

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 204
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Texas' abortion ban, Return of the Thai protests, the Taliban government, and the Guinea coup

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 203
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US exit from Afghanistan, the Houthi violence in Yemen, and Hurricane Ida in the US

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 202
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Chaotic evacuation in Kabul, Crimea Summit on seven years of Russian occupation, anti-lockdown protests in Australia, and continuing kidnappings in Africa

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 201
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Return of the Taliban and the fall of Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 200
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests return to Thailand, Taliban gains in Afghanistan, Pandemic action triggers protests in Europe, and new Climate Change report warns Code-Red

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 199
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive, New Zealand's apology over the Pacific communities, Peru's new problem, and an inter-State clash in India's Northeast

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 198
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

France's anti-extremism bill, Canada's burning churches, and Tunisia's new political crisis

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 197
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Impending famine in Tigray, should make Ethiopia everyone's problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 196
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Too late and too little is Ethiopia's international problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 195
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

Africa's Ethiopia Problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 194
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia's Tigray problem is Tigray's Ethiopia problem

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Afghanistan
July 2021 | IPRI # 193
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Five reasons why Afghanistan is closer to a civil war

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 192
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Beyond the apology to Rwanda: In Africa, is France still a 'silent colonizer'?

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 191
IPRI Comments

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Migration in Africa: Origin, Drivers and Destinations

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 190
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa:Three reasons why

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 189
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Libya: A new unity government and rekindled hope, a decade after the fall of Gaddafi

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 188
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Germany, Wildfires in Siberia and the Pegasus Spyware

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 184
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-government protests in Cuba, Pro-Zuma protests in South Africa, and remembering the Srebrenica massacre

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 183
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive in Afghanistan, Protests in Colombia, and the Heat Wave 

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 182
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Ethiopia, Berlin Conference on Libya and the World Drug Report

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 181
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US Juneteenth, UN resolution on Myanmar and Global Peace Index

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Europe
June 2021 | IPRI # 180
IPRI Comments

Chetna Vinay Bhora

Spain, Morocco and the rise of rightwing politics in Europe over immigration

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Southeast Asia
June 2021 | IPRI # 179
IPRI Comments

Anju Joseph

Timor Leste: Instability continues, despite 19 years of independence

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 178
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Three new reports on Child labour, Ethiopia and Xinjiang, Tensions in Belfast, and the Suu Kyi trial

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 177
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The UN report on Taliban-al Qaeda links, Denmark on relocating refugee camps, Burkino Faso massacre, Arctic melt, and Afghan trilateral dialogue

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Israel-Palestine Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 176
IPRI Comments

Udbhav Krishna P

Revisiting the recent violence: Three takeaways

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Gender Peace and Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 175
IPRI Comments

Vibha Venugopal

The return of Taliban will be bad news for women

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Nepal
June 2021 | IPRI # 174
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Fresh election-call mean unending cycle of instability

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 173
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing protests in Colombia, another mass abduction in Nigeria, and a controversial election in Syria

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 172
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Israel, NLD ban in Myanmar and a new Belarus crisis

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 171
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Elusive ceasefire in Israel-Palestine conflict, a migration crisis in Spain, three weeks of protests in Colombia, and the rise of Ransomware reign

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The Maldives
May 2021 | IPRI # 170
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

The bomb attack on Mohamed Nasheed. Is it political or jihadist?

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 169
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Escalating Israel-Palestine violence, an attack and a ceasefire in Afghanistan, and the fallouts of Scotland election for the UK

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Australia's indigenous communities
May 2021 | IPRI # 168
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

The systemic oppression continues despite three decades of the Royal Commission report

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Africa
May 2021 | IPRI # 167
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa. Three reasons why

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Afghanistan 
May 2021 | IPRI # 166
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The US decision to withdraw is a call made too early. Three reasons why

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 165
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violent protests in Colombia, US troops withdrawal in Afghanistan, and the battle for Marib in Yemen

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 164
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Israel-Syria missile strikes, Clashes in Somalia and Afghan meetings in Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 163
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

George Floyd murder trial, Fukushima water release controversy, anti-France protests in Pakistan, Report on the Rwandan genocide and another Loya Jirga in Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 162
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Riots in Northern Ireland, Sabotage on an Iranian nuclear facility, and a massacre in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 161
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Global gender gap report, Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam talks failure, Maoist attack in India, Border tensions between Russia and Ukraine, and the Security forces take control of Palma in Mozambique

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Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 160
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bloody Week in Myanmar, a Suicide attack in Indonesia and an Insurgency in Mozambique

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Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 159
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sanctions on China, Saudi Arabia ceasefire in Yemen, the UNHRC resolution on Sri Lanka, and a massacre in Niger

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Conflict Weekly #62
March 2021 | IPRI # 158
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Gender Protests in Australia, Expanding Violence in Myanmar and Anti-protests bill in the UK

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Conflict Weekly # 61
March 2021 | IPRI # 157
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Women’s Day, Swiss Referendum, Myanmar Violence, George Floyd Trial and Lebanon Protests

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Conflict Weekly #60
March 2021 | IPRI # 156
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

From Myanmar and Hong Kong in Asia to Nigeria in Africa: Seven conflicts this week

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Conflict Weekly # 59
February 2021 | IPRI # 155
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Protests in Myanmar, ‘Comfort Women’ issue in South Korea and Abductions in Nigeria

read more
Ethiopia
February 2021 | IPRI # 154
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Five fallouts of the military offensive in Tigray

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Afghanistan
February 2021 | IPRI # 153
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The recent surge in targeted killing vs the troops withdrawal

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 152
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

In Argentina, an extraordinarily progressive law on abortion brings the Conservatives to protest

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 151
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

In Poland, the protests against the abortion law feed into anti-government sentiments

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 150
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

In Honduras, a move towards a permanent ban on abortion laws

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 149
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

In Thailand, the new abortion law poses more questions

read more
Myanmar
February 2021 | IPRI # 148
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Civilian protests vs military: Three factors will decide the outcome in Myanmar

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Conflict Weekly # 58
February 2021 | IPRI # 147
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Separatism bill in France, Protests in Nepal against a gender-specific law, Surge in targetted killings in Afghanistan, and Instability continues in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly #57
February 2021 | IPRI # 146
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Coup protests in Myanmar, a new US strategy on Yemen, and the US-Iran differences on nuclear roadmap

read more
India and Sri Lanka
February 2021 | IPRI # 145
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan and Drorima Chatterjee

Five ways India can detangle the fishermen issue with Sri Lanka

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Conflict Weekly #56
February 2021 | IPRI # 144
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Myanmar and Protests in Russia

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Conflict Weekly #55
January 2021 | IPRI # 143
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers' protests in India, Vaccine Wars, another India-China border standoff, and Navalny's imprisonment

read more
Conflict Weekly # 54
January 2021 | IPRI # 142
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New President in the US, new Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh, new Israeli settlement in West Bank, and another massacre in Sudan

read more
Conflict Weekly # 53
January 2021 | IPRI # 141
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Trump impeached by the US House, Hazara miners buried in Pakistan, Farm laws stayed in India, and the Crisis escalation in CAR

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Conflict Weekly # 52
January 2021 | IPRI # 140
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

GCC lifts Qatar blockade, Iran decides to enrich uranium, Argentina legalizes abortion, French soldiers targeted in Mali, and the AFSPA extended in India's Northeast

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 139
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

The Middle East: The Abraham Accords may be the deal of the century, but comes with a heavy Palestinian cause  

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 138
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

France:  Needs to rethink  the state-religion relation in battling extremism

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 137
IPRI Comments

Teshu Singh

India and China: A tense border with compromise unlikely

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 136
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia: The conflict in Tigray and the regional fallouts

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 135
IPRI Comments

Kamna Tiwary

Europe: From anti-government protests in Belarus to ‘United for Abortion’ in Poland 

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 134
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Brexit: A year of the UK-EU transition talks and finally, a Deal 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 133
IPRI Comments

Mallika Devi

Hong Kong: Slow Strangulation of Protests, Security Law and China's victory

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 132
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Thailand: For the pro-democracy protests, it is a long march ahead 

read more
Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 131
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Nagorno-Karabakh: Rekindled fighting, Causalities and a Ceasefire

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 130
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Hot on the Conflict Trails: Top Ten Conflicts in 2020

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 129
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Boko Haram abductions in Nigeria, Violence in Afghanistan and Farmers' protest in India

read more
Gender Peace and Conflict
December 2020 | IPRI # 128
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

From Poland to India: More attacks on abortion rights coincide with the emergence of right

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 127
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers protest in India, Radicals target idols in Bangladesh, UK reaches out to the EU and Saudi Arabia to mend ties with Qatar

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 126
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An assassination in Iran, Massacre in Nigeria and Suicide bombings in Afghanistan

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 125
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Ensure the DDC elections are inclusive, free and fair

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 124
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Electoral violence in Africa, War crimes in Afghanistan, COVID's third global wave, and Protest escalation in Thailand

read more
Domestic turmoil and South Asia
November 2020 | IPRI # 123
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka’s 20-Amendment is more than what was bargained for

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 122
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US troops withdrawal, Violent protests in Thailand, Refugee crisis in Ethiopia, Anti-France protests in Pakistan and the Indo-Pak tensions along the LoC

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 121
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Alliance decides to fight the DDC elections together. The ballot may be thicker than principle

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 120
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A peace agreement in Nagorno-Karabakh and a brewing civil war in Ethiopia

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 119
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

IS terror in Vienna and Kabul, new controversy along Nepal-China border, and a boundary dispute in India’s Northeast

read more
J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 118
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

The Friday Backgrounder: Union Government amends the land laws, and the Kashmiri Opposition protests. There is politics in both

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 117
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, rising gender violence shadows COVID-19 pandemic

read more
GLOBAL PROTESTS MOVEMENT
October 2020 | IPRI # 116
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Lebanon: One year of protests; it is more setbacks and little reforms

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 115
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, pandemic has eclipsed women’s role in peacebuilding

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J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 114
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The new demands within the State over the Official Language Act

read more
India's Northeast
October 2020 | IPRI # 113
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

The Naga Peace talks: Caught in its own rhetoric, NSCN(IM) will lose its stakes

read more
J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 112
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The Gupkar Declaration: Vociferous Valley and an Indifferent Jammu

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
October 2020 | IPRI # 111
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Flag, Constitution, Media Freedom and Local Elections

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 110
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Solidarity in France, Emergency withdrawn in Thailand, Terror tag removed in Sudan and Hunger in South Asia

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 109
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests against sexual violence in Bangladesh, One year after Xi-Modi summit, Assassination of a Deobandi scholar in Pakistan and continuing violence in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 108
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An Afghan woman nominated for the Nobel and a Dalit woman assaulted in India. External actors get involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 107
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, women peacebuilders need more than a seat at the table

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 106
IPRI Comments

Tamanna Khosla

In India, home has been the most violent place for women

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 105
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

In India, pandemic relegates women peacebuilders to the margins

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 104
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Six million COVID cases in India, Abdullah Abdullah's visit to Pakistan, China's naval exercises in four seas, and the new tensions in Nagorno Karabakh

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 103
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Al Qaeda module in India, Naga Peace talks and the Polio problem in Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 102
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Afghan summit in Doha, India-China Five Points agreement, Women protest in Pakistan, New amendment in Sri Lanka and the Bahrain-Israel rapprochement

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The Middle East
September 2020 | IPRI # 101
IPRI Comments

Samreen Wani

Lebanon: Can Macron's visit prevent the unravelling?

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Africa
September 2020 | IPRI # 100
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

In Sudan, the government signs an agreement with the rebels. However, there are serious challenges

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Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 99
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Targeted Violence in Pakistan, Protests in Hong Kong and the Charlie Hebdo Trial in France

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The Friday Backgrounder
September 2020 | IPRI # 98
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: The PDP meeting, Muharram clashes and the Kashmiri parties vis-à-vis Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 97
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti Racist Protests in the US and the Floods in Pakistan

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Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 96
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali and Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sri Lanka: Election Analysis, Expectations from the Government, Challenges Ahead, & a road map for India

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The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 95
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Resolution is a good beginning. So is the NIA charge sheet on the Pulwama Attack.

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 94
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Proposed amendment in Sri Lanka, Verdict on the gunman in New Zealand, Peace Conference in Myanmar and the Ceasefire troubles in Libya

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The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 93
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Baby steps taken. Now, time to introduce a few big-ticket items

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 92
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Further trouble to the Naga Peace Talks, Taliban attack on woman negotiator, Protests in Thailand, Belarus and Bolivia, Israel-UAE Rapprochement, and the Oil Spill in Mauritius

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Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 91
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Integration and Assimilation are not synonymous.

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 90
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Release of Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, Troubles in Naga Peace Talks in India’s Northeast, and a deadly week in Lebanon

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Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 89
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: One year later, is it time to change gears?

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Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 88
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka Elections 2020 - A Curtain Raiser: Issues, Actors, and Challenges

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 87
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

J&K a year after 5 August 2019, Militant ambush in Manipur, Environmental protests in Northeast India, and the return of street protests in Iraq

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 86
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Omar Abdullah complains, there is no space for mainstream leaders. Should there be one?

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Conflict Weekly 28
July 2020 | IPRI # 85
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Bihar, Nepal and Bangladesh, Abduction of a journalist in Pakistan, Neutralization of militants in Srinagar and the UNAMA report on Afghanistan

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 84
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, 20 years later women still await the return of post war normalcy

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 83
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: After the Hurriyat, is the PDP relevant in Kashmir politics today?

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Conflict Weekly 27
July 2020 | IPRI # 82
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Devastating floods in Assam, and a mob Lynching of cattle smugglers along India-Bangladesh border

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 81
IPRI Comments

Mehjabin Ferdous

In Bangladesh, laws need to catch up with reality

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Conflict Weekly 26
July 2020 | IPRI # 80
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in India's Northeast, FGM ban in Sudan, the UN warning on Global Hunger & the Return of Global Protests

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 79
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Four years after Burhan Wani

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Conflict Weekly 25
July 2020 | IPRI # 78
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict and COVID in J&K, Dispute over constructing a temple in Islamabad, Return of the Indian fishermen into the Sri Lankan Waters, and the water conflict over River Nile in Africa

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 77
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

The Rise, Fall and Irrelevance of Geelani. And the Hurriyat

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Conflict Weekly 24
July 2020 | IPRI # 76
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Geelani's Exit and Continuing Violence in J&K, and the BLA attack on Pakistan stock exchange in Karachi

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June 2020 | IPRI # 75
IPRI Comments

Sudip Kumar Kundu

Cyclone Amphan: West Bengal, Odisha limp back to a distorted normalcy

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June 2020 | IPRI # 74
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

An olive branch to the PTM in Pakistan: Will the PTI heed to the Pashtun rights movement

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Conflict Weekly 23
June 2020 | IPRI # 73
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Baloch Disappearance issue returns, Nepal tightens Citizenship rules, and Egypt enters the conflict in Libya

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Conflict Weekly 22
June 2020 | IPRI # 72
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence escalates along the India-China border, Cartographic tensions over India-Nepal border, Gas explosion in Assam and Deadly attacks by the Boko Haram in Nigeria

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Conflict Weekly 21
June 2020 | IPRI # 71
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Echoes of Black Lives Matter, Violence in Kashmir Valley, Rohingyas in the deep blue sea, One year of Hong Kong protests, Conflict in Libya and the human-wildlife conflict in South Asia

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Conflict Weekly 20
June 2020 | IPRI # 70
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A week of violence in the US, Afghanistan and Africa, Urban drivers of political violence, and anti-racism protests in Europe

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Conflict Weekly 19
May 2020 | IPRI # 69
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Cyclone Amphan in the Bay of Bengal, Ceasefire in Afghanistan, Indo-Nepal border dispute in Kalapani, Honour Killing in Pakistan, New protests  in Hong Kong & the Anti-lockdown protests in Europe

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Conflict Weekly 18
May 2020 | IPRI # 68
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Kalapani dispute in India-Nepal border, Migrants exodus in India, Continuing violence in Balochistan and KP

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Conflict Weekly 17
May 2020 | IPRI # 67
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The return of Hong Kong Protests, a new Ceasefire in Myanmar, China-Australia Tensions on COVID & Trade, and the Al Qaeda-Islamic State clashes in Africa

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Conflict Weekly 16
May 2020 | IPRI # 66
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Binge-fighting in Kashmir Valley, SIGAR report on Afghanistan, Killing of a PTM leader in Pakistan, the US Religious Freedom watchlist, and Haftar's ceasefire call in Libya

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Conflict Weekly 15
April 2020 | IPRI # 65
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire and Self Rule in Yemen, Syrian war trial in Germany, SIPRI annual report on military spending, and Low civilian casualties in Afghanistan 

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 64
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

Healing needs Forgiveness, Accountability, Responsibility and Justice

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 63
IPRI Comments

La Toya Waha

Have the Islamists Won? 

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Conflict Weekly 14
April 2020 | IPRI # 62
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A new wave of arrests in Hong Kong, One year after Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka, ISIS violence in Mozambique, and the coming global Food Crisis

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 61
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Jharkhand: Proactive Judiciary, Strong Civil Society Role, Rural Vigilantes

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 60
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Bihar as Late Entrant: No Prompt Action, Punitive Measures, Migrant Crisis 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 59
IPRI Comments

Anshuman Behera

Odisha’s Three Principles: Prepare for the Worst, Prepare Early, Prevent Loss of Lives

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 58
IPRI Comments

Niharika Sharma

New Delhi as Hotspot: Border Sealing, Curbing Fake News, Proactive leadership

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 57
IPRI Comments

Vaishali Handique

Northeast India: Civil Society in Unison, Media against Racism, Government’s Timely Preparedness 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 56
IPRI Comments

Shyam Hari P

Kerala: Past Lessons and War-Footing response by the administration

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 55
IPRI Comments

Shilajit Sengupta

West Bengal: Proactive Local Leadership, Early Lockdown and Decentralised Action

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 54
IPRI Comments

P Harini Sha

Tamil Nadu’s Three Pronged Approach: Delay Virus Spread, Community Preparedness, Welfare Schemes 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 53
IPRI Comments

Hrudaya C Kamasani

Andhra Pradesh: Early course correction, Independent leadership and Targeted Mitigation  

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 52
IPRI Comments

Sanduni Atapattu

Preventing hatred and suspicion would be a bigger struggle

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 51
IPRI Comments

Chavindi Weerawansha

A majority in the minority community suffers, for the action of a few

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 50
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

The Cardinal sermons for peace, with a message to forgive

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 49
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Who and Why of the Perpetrators

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 48
IPRI Comments

Natasha Fernando

In retrospect, where did we go wrong?

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 47
IPRI Comments

Ruwanthi Jayasekara

Build the power of Co-existence, Trust, Gender and Awareness

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 46
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

New ethnic faultlines at macro and micro levels

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 45
IPRI Comments

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera

A year has gone, but the pain has not vanished

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 44
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, it is a struggle for the women out of the patriarchal shadows

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 43
IPRI Comments

Jenice Jean Goveas

In India, the glass is half full for the women

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 42
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, there is no going back for the women

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Conflict Weekly 13
April 2020 | IPRI # 41
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Executing Mujib's killer in Bangladesh, Continuing conflicts in Myanmar, Questioning Government's sincerity in Naga Peace Deal, Releasing Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, and a report on damming the Mekong river by China

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Conflict Weekly 12
April 2020 | IPRI # 40
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Globally, Coronavirus increases Domestic Violence, deflates Global Protests, threatens Indigenous Communities and imperils the migrants. In South Asia, two reports question the Assam Foreign Tribunal and the Afghan Peace deal

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Afghanistan
April 2020 | IPRI # 39
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

One month after the deal with the Taliban: Problems Four, Progress None

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Conflict Weekly 11
April 2020 | IPRI # 38
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Releasing a former soldier convicted of a war crime in Sri Lanka, Deepening of internal conflicts in Myanmar and the Taliban’s Deal is a smokescreen in Afghanistan

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Report Review
March 2020 | IPRI # 37
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

Pakistan: Decline in Terrorism

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Conflict Weekly 10
March 2020 | IPRI # 36
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

More violence in Afghanistan, Naxal ambush in India, Federal-Provincial differences in Pakistan's Corona fight, and a new report on the impact of CoronaVirus on Conflicts

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Conflict Weekly 09
March 2020 | IPRI # 35
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The CoronaVirus: South Asia copes, China stabilises, Europe bleeds and the US wakes up finally

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Conflict Weekly 08
March 2020 | IPRI # 34
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Triumphant Women's march across Pakistan, Anti-CAA Protests in Dhaka,  Two Presidents in Afghanistan, and Turkey-Russia Ceasefire in Syria

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Conflict Weekly 07
March 2020 | IPRI # 33
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Aurat March in Pakistan, US-Taliban Deal in Doha, Anti-CAA protest in Meghalaya, Sri Lanka’s withdrawal from the UNCHCR Resolution, and the problems of ceasefire in Syria and Libya 

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Conflict Weekly 06
February 2020 | IPRI # 32
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Seven Days of Peace in Afghanistan, Violence in Delhi, Setback to Peace Talks on Libya and the Ceasefire in Gaza

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Conflict Weekly 05
February 2020 | IPRI # 31
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Afghan Election Results, US-Taliban Deal, Hafiz Saeed Conviction, Quetta Suicide Attack, Assam Accord, Mexico Femicide and the Climate Change impact on Bird Species

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Conflict Weekly 04
February 2020 | IPRI # 30
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka drops Tamil anthem, Assam looks for a new census for the indigenous Muslim population, Bangladesh faces a Rohingya boat tragedy and Israel witnesses resurgence of violence post-Trump deal

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Conflict Weekly 03
February 2020 | IPRI # 29
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Violence in Afghanistan, Bodo Peace Accord in Northeast India, Attack on the anti-CAA protesters in Delhi, and Trump's Middle East Peace Plan

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Conflict Weekly 02
January 2020 | IPRI # 28
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bangladesh and ICJ's Rohingya Verdict, Taliban and Afghan Peace, Surrenders in India's Northeast, New government in Lebanon and the Berlin summit on Libya

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Conflict Weekly 01
January 2020 | IPRI # 27
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Nile River Agreement, Tehran Protests, Syrians meet in Berlin, Honduran Caravans in Mexico, Taliban's ceasefire offer, Quetta Suicide attack, Supreme court verdict on J&K and the Brus Agreement in Tripura

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Myanmar
October 2019 | IPRI # 26
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Will prosecuting Suu Kyi resolve the Rohingya problem?

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Climate Change
October 2019 | IPRI # 25
IPRI Comments

Lakshman Chakravarthy N & Rashmi Ramesh

Four Actors, No Action

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From Okjökull to OK:
September 2019 | IPRI # 24
IPRI Comments

Rashmi Ramesh

Death of a Glacier in Iceland

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The Hong Kong Protests:
August 2019 | IPRI # 23
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Re-defining mass mobilization

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The Hong Kong Protest:
August 2019 | IPRI # 22
IPRI Comments

Parikshith Pradeep

Who Wants What?

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Africa
December 2020 | IPRI # 6
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ballots and Bloodshed: Trends of electoral violence in Africa

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Myanmar
March 2019 | IPRI # 5
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The Other Conflict in Rakhine State

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West Asia
February 2019 | IPRI # 4
IPRI Comments

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Yemen: Will Sa'nna fall?

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China and Islam
February 2019 | IPRI # 3
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudhan

Sinicizing the Minorities

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Terrorism
January 2019 | IPRI # 2
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Maghreb: What makes al Shahab Resilient?

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India's Northeast
July 2019 | IPRI # 1
IPRI Briefs

Titsala Sangtam

Counting Citizens: Manipur charts its own NRC

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