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Conflict Weekly #209, 4 January 2024, Vol.5, No.1
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IPRI # 421, 4 January 2024

Conflict Weekly
The War in Ukraine and Gaza

  IPRI Team

Padmashree Anandhan, Rosemary Kurian, Nuha Aamina, Rishita Verma and Gananthula Uma Maheshwari

The War in Ukraine: Drones, missiles and counterattacks
Padmashree Anandhan

In the news
On 1 January, following the attack in Belgorod, Russian President, Vladimir Putin, issued a warning. Putin stated: “We are striking with high-precision weapons at the decision-making centres, at locations where military personnel and mercenaries gather.”

On 30 December 2023, Belgorod district located in southwestern Russia was subject to a repeated missile and drone strike from Ukraine injuring more than 100 and killing 24 civilians. 

On 2 January, the Ukrainian Air Force reported on its struggle to counter Russia’s drone attack (Tupolev Tu-95s bombers) in Kyiv. Apart from this, missile attacks were reported in Kharkiv resulting in damage to residential buildings and civilian infrastructure injuring many and killing four. On the same day, Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, citing the mass missile attack in Kyiv and Kharkiv demanded more air defence aid such as “Patriot, IRIS-T, and NASAMS.”

On 2 January, in response to the missile attacks in Kyiv and Kharkiv, Russia Today reported on how the targets were planned by the Russian Ministry of Defence. Russian armed forces claimed to have carried out a group strike using long-range precision weapons and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) on the military complex of Ukraine. According to the report from Russian officials, the attack was targeted at facilities in Kyiv and the suburbs that produced missiles and drones including the repair sites. Additionally, Russia claimed to hit missile depots, ammunition and aircraft weaponry.

On 5 January, the White House issued a statement citing the usage of short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) of North Korea by Russia for the mass missile attack in Ukraine. The US National Security spokesperson John Kirby called the transfer of missiles a “significant and concerning escalation.”

Issues at large
First, increasing mass missile attacks. Kyiv which has been subject to missile attacks since November 2023 is considered to be the resort when attacks escalate for Russia. Critical and energy infrastructures such as power plants and substations, district heating networks and telecommunications equipment have been the targets. Since January, the military depots, production sites and complexes have also come under intense attack. On the ground, with not much push or pull in the front line, Russia continues to advance north and south of Bakhmut except on the east bank of the Dnipro River. Considering the frequency, the mass missile attacks and Russia’s air power seem to be intact against Ukraine.

Second, Russia’s winter manoeuvrability. After the rocket attack launched in August 2023 in Kharkiv following Ukraine’s attack on the Crimean bridge, the November attacks were considered the largest. Russia targeted Kyiv’s administrative cities and energy infrastructure with 75 Shahed drones. The December 2023 attack by Russia on Ukraine with 120 missiles can be seen as the third wave. Moscow's forces seem to have adapted their tactics compared to last winter 2022 by preceding their missiles with waves of drones with a mission to inundate Kyiv's air defence capabilities while depleting its ammunition reserves.

Third, Ukraine’s continuing to plead for air defence support. Kyiv welcomes this support, but it also recognises the dependency on the outcome of the current political deadlock in the US, which is stalled over the 2024 Presidential elections. The military is set to face a critical shortage, especially in air defence if the package remains blocked. This leaves Ukraine with the challenge to continue to shield itself against such mass missile strikes.

Fourth, Ukraine’s strategy and question of peace. Zelensky in his recent interview with the Economist denied the notion of Russia’s win citing the losses incurred by Russia to be more. Confirming the failure of the mid-2023 counteroffensive, appraised the Ukraine forces' efforts in countering Russia in the Black Sea. Despite the lack of air defences, Ukraine has outperformed expectations by strategically utilising the resources while leaving the possibility of peace out of the discussion.

In perspective
First, a greyer 2024 ahead for Ukraine. Overall looking at the trend of Russia’s wave of mass missiles in response to the attacks of Ukraine and consistently at Kyiv showcases its symbolic attitude to showcase its strength. The pledged weapons and air defence systems do show promise for Ukraine’s battle against Russia but with the increase in the frequency of the mass missile attacks, it is downside for Ukraine, forced into a fight. Without Western countries promising long-term military support with the next level of weapon systems such as long-range Ukraine is left in the grey zone.

Second, a confident Russia. With the tactical use of weapons such as rockets, Shahed drones and a mass number of missiles since the 2023 winter, Russia has succeeded in showcasing its air power. Putin’s symbolic year-end conference and the following statements to retaliate show the plan in place and the readiness of Russia to strike back. This also proves the vacillation of the sanctions and restrictions on other actors such as China, and Iran imposed to control Russia by the West. 


War in Gaza: Eleventh Week
Rosemary Kurian, Nuha Aamina, Rishita Verma and Gananthula Uma Maheshwari

War on the ground
On 29 December, according to Al Jazeera, the Abu Youssef Al Najjar Hospital’s director, Marwan al-Hams, stated that the injured parties in this attack immediately needed to be evacuated from the country so they could receive medical attention abroad. He pleaded for greater fuel and aid to be permitted inside Gaza. A group of civilians in the town was struck by an Israeli military airstrike while this was happening in north Gaza.

On 30 December, BBC reported, according to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA), a large number of displaced Gazans are living “in the open, in the parks, in their cars.” According to the agency, 1.4 million people reside in UNRWA facilities and some are now making their home “anywhere they can find.” According to the UN, 100,000 Palestinians have moved to the southern border city of Rafah in recent days in search of protection. In southern Gaza’s Khan Younis, which Israel regards as a Hamas stronghold, Israeli tank fire and airstrikes are still ongoing. The residents have told of fierce gunfights between the Israeli soldiers and the Hamas militants. Furthermore, while the Israeli army bombs sites throughout the region, the Hamas leaders in Gaza claim that more lives have been lost.

On 1 January, BBC reported that Israel Defence Forces (IDF) spokesperson, Daniel Hagari, stated that soldier deployments were being modified in anticipation of “prolonged fighting” and that some soldiers, particularly reservists, would be pulled back to give them time to reorganise. He stated: “These adaptations are intended to ensure the planning and preparation for continuing the war in 2024.” Hagari added: “The IDF must plan out of an understanding that there will be additional missions and the fighting will continue the rest of the year.”

On 3 January, Al Jazeera reported that six individuals were killed on 2 January including top Hamas leader Saleh al-Arouri after a drone attack struck a Hamas office in Dahiyeh, a bastion for Hezbollah in Beirut.

On 4 January, BBC reported that the Hamas accused Israel of hitting Gaza’s ‘safe zone.’ According to the Hamas-run health ministry in Gaza, fourteen people were killed in an explosion at al-Mawasi in Khan Younis. Al-Mawasi has been declared a safe zone in Gaza by Israeli forces.

Regarding the Hamas’ allegations, the Israeli military has not yet responded. In Beirut, there is a burial for Saleh al-Arouri, the deputy head of the Hamas, who was murdered in Lebanon by what appears to have been an Israeli drone strike.

Regional response
On 29 December, Arab News reported that Iran executed four members of the Zionist group, who were convicted of spying. They were sentenced to death on charges of “moharebeh” or waging war against God and “corruption on Earth” through their “collaboration with the Zionist regime.”

On 29 December, the Jerusalem Post reported that Israel conducted airstrikes from the Golan Heights targeting sites in Southern Syria and Damascus. Tal al-Sahn, a radar site of the Syrian army, was destroyed in the strikes. Syrian forces activated defences in Damascus during the attacks.

On 30 December, Arab News reported that the King of Jordan, Abdullah II, in his phone call with the Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, called for international pressure for a permanent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip. He spoke on protecting civilians and providing sustainable humanitarian aid delivery.

On 31 December, Al Jazeera reported that Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the border zone lying between Gaza and Egypt should come under Israeli control. He stated that the war in Gaza would continue for months and reiterated his promise of eliminating the Hamas.

On 3 January, the Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, told the US delegation that the present priority is to secure a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip. He stated that there should be “responsible action” to avoid spillover of the conflict in the region.

On 4 January, the Jerusalem Post reported that Hezbollah, a terrorist organisation in Lebanon, withdrew from the border by three kilometres. It is a “tactical withdrawal” but also viewed as a signal to the US and Israel that the organisation doesn’t want to get involved in a full-scale war.

Global response
On 29 December, according to Al Jazeera, the UN raised concern over the increasing air strikes in Gaza making it difficult to deliver humanitarian aid in the region. The humanitarian condition in Gaza has been deemed an “impossible situation” by the UN.

On 30 December, Reuters reported that South Africa had filed against Israel for breaching the 1948 Genocide Convention due to its onslaught against Hamas in Gaza. South Africa has asked the court to make short-term provisions to stop Israel’s militancy in Gaza, it emphasised the need to “protect against further, severe and irreparable harm to the rights” of Palestinians. The Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs responded by calling it “baseless.” A statement released by the Department of International Relations and Cooperation of South Africa stated that since October, Israel has failed to “prevent genocide” and “prosecute the direct and public incitement to genocide.”

On 30 December, according to Al Jazeera, the US approved the sale of emergency weapons to Israel for the second time, bypassing the US Congress. The US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, told Congress that the sale covered military equipment worth USD 147.5 million stating that “he had exercised his delegated authority to determine an emergency existed necessitating the immediate approval of the transfer.”

On 2 January, according to Arab News, USS Gerald R. Ford, the world’s largest aircraft carrier, is set to return to the US “in the coming days,” as per the US Navy. The carrier was deployed in the Mediterranean Sea after the 7 October attack by the Hamas, however, was redeployed “to prepare for future deployments.” 

On 2 January, Reuters reported that in an online briefing, Eylon Levy, an Israeli spokesperson, stated that Israel “will appear before the International Court of Justice at The Hague to dispel South Africa’s absurd blood libel.” He added that a list of measures the military has adopted to “minimise harm to non-combatants.” 

On 3 January, according to Reuters, the US Department of State slammed comments by Israeli ministers who commented that Palestinians must be resettled outside Gaza. The US stated that comments made by Ben Bezalel Smotrich and Itamar Ben-Gvir, both Israeli ministers, were “inflammatory and irresponsible.”

On 4 January, according to Reuters, Mathew Miller, a spokesperson of the US Department of State, noted that the US is “not seeing any acts that constitute genocide” in Gaza. The statement came after South Africa initiated genocide proceedings against Israel’s military operation in Gaza at the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

On 4 January, according to Arab News, the US Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, is set to leave on his fourth trip to the Middle East. Due to potential threats to regional stability, Blinken will commence his trip to Israel, his fifth one since the war began.

Issues in Peace and Conflict This Week:
Regional Roundups

Akriti Sharma, Rishita Verma, Gananthula Uma Maheshwari, Anu Maria Joseph, Ryan Marcus, Narmatha S, Vetriselvi Baskaran, Annem Naga Bindhu Madhuri, Rosemary Kurian, Rishita Verma, Padmashree Anandhan and Dhriti Mukherjee
 
East and Southeast Asia
China: Won't tolerate provocations by Philippines coast guards, says defence ministry 
On 28 December, Chinese Ministry of National Defence spokesperson Wu Qian responded to accusations from the Philippines regarding alleged provocations and harassment in the South China Sea stating that it would not ignore the Philippines' actions. The Philippines claimed that the Chinese coast guard and maritime militia had fired water cannons at its resupply boats and deliberately rammed another vessel. Qian dismissed these allegations as "purely false hype" and asserted that the Philippine side intruded into disputed waters, proactively ramming a Chinese Coast Guard vessel. Qian emphasised that China is committed to resolving differences through dialogue, however, will not tolerate repeated provocations. The Philippines denied provoking conflict and rejected accusations of relying on US support to antagonise China. Tensions over the South China Sea have strained relations between the two countries with China urging the US to stop meddling in the issue and supporting Philippine infringement and provocation.

China: Condemns Philippines building reef structure in the South China Sea 
On 29 December, Global Times reported that the Philippines' announcement of plans to build a permanent structure on Ren'ai Jiao (Ren'ai Reef) in the South China Sea has drawn strong condemnation from China. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs accused the Philippines of breaking promises, changing policies and violating international law. Ren'ai Jiao is part of China's Nansha Islands which it claims sovereignty. China vowed to respond firmly to any infringement and provocation to safeguard its territorial sovereignty and maritime rights. The Philippines' decision to build a permanent structure, claimed to be for fisherfolk, is viewed with concern by China, as it further complicates the situation in the disputed waters. 

North Korea: Criticises drills, raising tensions on the Korean Peninsula
On 4 January, according to the Korea Herald, South Korea and the US conducted a joint live-fire exercise near the North Korean border to enhance their combat readiness, involving the Capital Mechanized Infantry Division and the US Stryker Brigade Combat Team on 29 December. The drills, ongoing in Pocheon, aimed to strengthen combined operational capabilities against North Korean military threats. The exercise featured 110 weapon systems including K1A2 tanks, A-19 combat aircraft, Stryker armoured vehicles and artillery systems. Simulations included precision-guided strikes by A-10 combat aircraft, firing by K1A2 tanks and integrated tank-air defence shooting. North Korea criticized South Korea's military activities, warning of a heightened risk of clashes between the two sides this year. On 1 January, the Strait Times reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un stated that an armed confrontation on the Korean Peninsula is inevitable. Kim Jong Un called for military mobilisation to counter the US and South Korea if they choose military confrontation. 

Japan: 65 died in the earthquake as the survivors froze in the rain, awaiting rescuers
On 3 January, the Straits Times reported that the death toll from the earthquake that occurred on the New Year rose to 64 on 3 January. With a preliminary magnitude of 7.6, the earthquake hit the Noto Peninsula, flattening homes and isolating distant regions. Heavy rain forecast for January 3 raised fears of landslides, complicating rescue efforts. The authorities confirmed 64 deaths making it Japan's deadliest earthquake since 2016. Firefighters pressed on with rescue efforts despite rain and aftershocks. Mayors of affected cities urged the government to clear roads and deliver aid promptly emphasising the urgent need for essentials including food and water. Survivors faced challenges in road conditions with many areas accessible only by helicopter. 

Indonesia: Rohingya refugees arrive amid local opposition
On 1 January, the South China Morning Post (SCMP) reported the arrival of nearly 150 Rohingya refugees on Karang Gadih beach in Indonesia’s province of North Sumatra. They sailed from Cox Bazar camp in Bangladesh fleeing gang violence and hunger. Although initially cared for the weak and hunger-stricken refugees, the residents were hostile towards them and believed to “only bring problems later.” Amid opposition and protests, Indonesian students attacked a temporary Rohingya shelter in Aceh on 27 December. Indonesian Navy has increased maritime patrols. The country is not obligated to accept Rohingyas as it is not a signatory to the UN 1951 Refugee Convention. However, it continues to provide temporary shelter for Rohingya refugees.  

The Philippines: Second joint military exercise with the US this week
On 3 January, Reuters reported on a two-day joint patrol in the South China Sea by the US and the Philippines. According to the Philippine military, four ships from the Philippine Navy and four ships from the US Indo-Pacific Command including an aircraft carrier, a cruiser and two destroyers took part in the joint patrol. Chief of the Philippine Armed Forces, Romeo Brawner, expressed that with this "significant leap," the country intends to pursue an open and free Indo-Pacific region and an international system based on norms. The Philippines has been accused by China of continuously provoking by depending on US assistance. 

Myanmar: Arakan Army gains ground in Chin state
On 4 January, according to the Irrawaddy, the Arakan Army (AA) seized the Junta base in Chin Let Wa in Paletwa Township in the state of Chin on 3 January. The AA discovered significant amounts of weaponry and ammunition and stated that Junta troops would be expelled from Paletwa Township within a week. The AA forces reiterated to oust the junta troops from the state of Rakhine and are currently attacking the Taung Shay Taung hilltop junta outpost of Kyauktaw Township. A junta jet strike in Kyauktaw Township on 3 January killed a resident and severely injured eight others. Since November, the AA forces have captured around 150 junta outposts in the state of Rakhine.

Myanmar: China condemns clashes at border 
On 4 January, according to the Irrawaddy, an artillery shell from Myanmar had fallen in Nansan town in the Chinese province of Yunnan injuring multiple people. Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson, Wang Wenbin, stated that China is dissatisfied as “the armed conflict has caused Chinese casualties.” He urged relevant parties “in the northern Myanmar conflict to immediately cease hostilities and take practical measures to prevent further pernicious incidents that endanger peace and tranquillity on the border.” He added that China will take action “to safeguard the security of its citizens’ lives and property.”

South Asia
Bangladesh: Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus imprisoned over labour law violations
On 1 January, Dhaka Tribune reported that Muhammad Yunus, chairman of Grameen Telecom, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006 for founding the Grameen Bank and pioneering the concepts of microcredit and microfinance, was jailed for six months over labour law violations. In 2021, a case was filed by the Department of Inspection for Factories and Establishment against Yunus for violating labour laws. On 2 January, Amnesty International highlighted that the conviction of the Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus for civil issues is an abuse of labour laws and democracy. It stated: "Amnesty International believes that initiating criminal proceedings against Muhammad Yunus for issues that belong to the civil and administrative arena is a blatant abuse of labor laws and the justice system and a form of political retaliation for his work and dissent." 

Sri Lanka: Protests by Rohingya refugees 
On 2 January, according to the Hindu, a group of Rohingya refugees protested outside the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as their living allowances will discontinue after the agency closes by the end of 2024. The protestors demanded resettling in another country as Sri Lanka would not allow permanent settlement. Sri Lanka hosts 100 Rohingya refugees whom the Navy rescued while they were trying to reach Indonesia from Myanmar.

Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa
Syria: Israeli airstrikes target Aleppo amid rising tensions
On 30 December, the Syrian Ministry of Defence stated that Israel launched an airstrike on Iranian military locations in Aleppo resulting in some material damage. The ministry stated: “Israel carried out an aerial aggression from the direction of the Mediterranean Sea, west of Latakia, targeting several points south of the city of Aleppo.” The same day, Al Jazeera reported that another Israeli airstrike was conducted earlier on a southern Lebanon border town. Hezbollah, the Iran-backed group, claimed responsibility for three attacks on Israeli military bases along the border, which preceded the attack.

Lebanon: Israeli drone strike kills deputy leader of Hamas in Beirut
On 2 January, Al Jazeera reported that an Israeli drone strike on Dahiyeh, a Hezbollah stronghold, killed the Deputy Chief of the Hamas, Saleh al-Arouri. Four Palestinians and three Lebanese people were killed in the strike. It was directed at a meeting between representatives of Hamas and the Sunni Islamist Jama'a Islamiya movement in Lebanon. The adviser to the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Mark Regev stated that Israel had not claimed responsibility for the strike. He stated: “Whoever did this did a surgical strike against the Hamas leadership.”

Iraq: Accuses the US-led alliance of carrying out a drone attack in Baghdad
On 4 January, Al Jazeera reported that Iraq accused the international coalition led by the US of carrying out a drone strike that killed and injured several in the capital city of Baghdad. The Iran-linked Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) was the strike's target. Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani’s office stated: “The Iraqi armed forces hold the forces of the international coalition responsible for this attack.” He added that this was an act of aggression. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq stated: “Iraq reserves its right to take a firm stance and take all measures that deter anyone who tries to harm its land and security forces.”

Yemen: US army attacks three Houthi boats in the Red Sea
On 31 December, the Yemeni Houthi rebels stated that they lost at least ten of their fighters as a result of US forces attacking three of their ships in the Red Sea. They added that the boats were carrying out their duty of “establishing security and stability and protecting maritime navigation” by stopping Israeli vessels and those destined for the ports of occupied Palestine from crossing the Red Sea. According to the US Central Command (CENTCOM), in response to a call from the Singapore-flagged vessel, Maersk Hangzhou, helicopters from two US warships, the USS Eisenhower and USS Gravely, fired at the “Iranian-backed Houthi small boats” in self-defence.

Sudan: Six killed in an attack in the Abyei region
On 1 January, Al Jazeera reported that the Abyei region, a disputed territory between South Sudan and Sudan, witnessed an ambush by armed men killing six people. The attack was carried out by one of the competing factions of the Dinka ethnic group, Twic Dinka from South Sudan's state of Warrap and Ngok Dinka from Abyei, who regularly clash over the administrative limit. The Minister of Information for the Abyei administrative region accused the armed youth from Twic county of Warrap state of the attack. Meanwhile, his counterpart, William Wol, from Warrap state claimed that it was too early “to point fingers.”

Sudan: RSF leader on wartime visit to Djibouti
On 31 December, Al Jazeera reported that the leader of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, visited Uganda, Ethiopia and Djibouti. This is his first abroad trip ever since the war erupted. Daglo discussed with Djibouti’s President, Ismail Omar Guelleh, the latest developments in the civil war. He emphasised restoring peace and readiness for negotiations with Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) leader, General Abdel Fattah al Burhan, for a comprehensive peace in Sudan. Djibouti’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mahamoud Ali Youssouf,  stated: “Next week, as chair of IGAD, Djibouti will also prepare the ground for Sudanese dialogue and will host a critical meeting.” 

South Africa: Flood hits the town of Ladysmith in KwaZulu-Natal province
On 31 December, Africannews reported that the town of Ladysmith in the province of KwaZulu-Natal was hit by floods. It killed at least 21 people and destroyed almost 1400 homes. Police spokesperson, Colonel Robert Netshiunda, stated: “As of 29 December 2023, a total of 21 bodies have been recovered.” He added that the death tolls are expected to rise as the total number of people missing is uncertain. Search and rescue teams are on board.

South Africa: Files case against Israel in ICJ over “genocide” in Gaza
On 29 December, South Africa filed a case against Israel in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) accusing it of “genocide” in Gaza. The country described Israel’s actions in Gaza as  “genocidal in character because they are intended to bring about the destruction of a substantial part of the Palestinian national, racial and ethnic group.” It added: “The acts in question include killing Palestinians in Gaza, causing them serious bodily and mental harm, and inflicting on them conditions of life calculated to bring about their physical destruction.”

Democratic Republic of Congo: Post-election violence
On 1 January, Africanews reported that demonstrators took to the streets in Goma on 31 December responding to the opposition's call to mobilise against the results of the presidential elections. President Felix Tshisekedi was re-elected securing 70 per cent of the vote against his major opposition candidate Moise Katumbi securing 18 per cent and Martin Fayulu five per cent. Five opposition candidates announced their intention to march calling the country’s election a fraud.

Europe 
Serbia: Protest continues across Belgrade calling for new elections
On 30 December, protestors gathered in central Belgrade calling for a new round of elections. One of the protestors told the Deutsche Welle: “We want proper electoral registers and new elections under fair conditions. I hope many more people will take to the streets.” The opposition party, Serbia Against Violence, a pro-European alliance, was observed to invoke public interest through hunger strikes. One of the opposition ministers, Marinika Tepic, who had held out for 12 days, stated that she was “hungry for freedom and justice.” The protest sparked following the continued victory of Serbia’s President, Aleksandar Vucic, who the opposition claims is heading the Serbian Progressive Party through fraudulent ways. They argued that the election was “rigged” due to “falsification of the electoral register.”

The UK: Government reports a decrease in migrant crossings in the English Channel
On 2 January, the UK claimed that there was a decrease in the entry of migrants into the UK through the English Channel. According to the report, the UK witnessed a 36 per cent drop from 2022 to 2023. The UK’s Prime Minister, Rishi Sunak, explained that the government had prioritised eliminating boat arrivals. He added: “That is why we have taken action to stop the boats, return hotels to their local communities and deter those wanting to come here illegally from doing so.” The UK government claimed to have spent EUR 3.46 billion annually in processing the migrant's asylum process and had cleared 92,000 asylum cases by 2023. 

Poland: Breach of airspace by Russian missile probe investigation and deployment of F-16
On 2 January, the Polish army stated that four F-16 fighter jets had been sent to Poland's eastern border in a move to shield itself from Russian attacks on Ukraine. The statement further explained that "in order to ensure the safety of Polish airspace, two pairs of F-16 fighters and an allied air tanker were put into action." Earlier, on 29 December, Poland's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that a Russian cruise missile had breached 40 kilometres of its airspace. Meanwhile, the Russian charge d' affairs, Andrei Ordash, stated that the Polish government had no proof to support its claims.

The Americas
Nicaragua: Pope expresses concern on continuing crackdown on Catholic church leaders
On 29 December, Nicaraguan police arrested three more Catholic priests, of which two were arrested for “refusing to stop mentioning Bishop Alvarez in their sermons.” Alvarez, who is currently imprisoned, has been the most prominent critic of Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega. Ortega has been known to accuse church leaders of trying to overthrow his administration and has thus inflicted a crackdown on leaders of the Catholic church. With at least 11 priests, bishops and seminarians behind bars as per Nicaraguan researcher Martha Molina, on 1 January 2024, Pope Francis expressed “concern” on the situation. He stated that “bishops and priests have been deprived of their freedom” adding that he hoped the “path of dialogue can be followed to overcome difficulties.”

Brazil: Foreign ministry issues statement of “concern” over Venezuela-Guyana dispute
On 29 December, Brazil’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement calling for “restraint” to be exercised about the ongoing territorial dispute between Venezuela and Guyana. Part of the ministry’s statement read: “The Brazilian government believes military demonstrations of support to either party should be avoided so that the ongoing dialogue process can produce results.” The dispute is over the oil-rich Essequibo region which is currently a part of Guyana that Venezuela is claiming. Before the statement was made, a British warship arrived in Guyana on the same day to conduct training exercises with Guyana’s military. Brazil’s ministry urged both countries to follow the guidelines of an agreement reached in which they decided not to use force to settle the dispute.

El Salvador: Murders down by 70 per cent in 2023 as per authorities
On 3 January, El Salvador’s security authorities stated that the prolonged state of emergency that had been declared by President Nayib Bukele in 2022 helped the number of homicides in the country dropping nearly 70 per cent in 2023. According to the Minister of Justice and Security, Gustavo Villatoro, 2023 saw 154 murders compared to 495 in 2022. The crackdown and emergency by Bukele have been widely appreciated by Salvadorans, who were for years grappling with gang violence, extortion and drug dealing. However, the emergency, which allows the arrest and imprisonment of suspected gang members without access to a lawyer, has been criticised by human rights groups. They claim that this provision has allowed for torture, deaths in custody and arbitrary detentions. The Central American University's (UCA) Observatory of Human Rights had earlier stated that deaths are “highly underreported” as the data given by the government was “not truthful.” Human rights groups including the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) have reported 190 deaths and 5,000 abuses that have occurred during the crackdown.

The US: US-led coalition warns Houthis that they will “bear responsibility of consequences” for Red Sea attacks
On 3 January, the White House released a statement on behalf of the US and other countries including the UK, Australia, Canada, Germany and Japan warning Yemen’s Houthi rebels that continuing their “illegal attacks” in the Red Sea will have “consequences.” The statement called for the “release of unlawfully detained vessels and crews” warning that the Houthis would face repercussions for threatening “lives, the global economy and free flow of commerce in the region’s critical waterways.” The Houthi rebels have been targeting ships that have ties with Israel as an act of solidarity with the Palestinians in Gaza. Before the release of the statement, there were various reports that the administration of US President Joe Biden is considering directly striking the rebels if attacks continue.

The US: Biden administration bypasses Congress for second time to provide weapons aid to Israel
On 29 December, the US State Department stated that for the second time in a month, the administration of US President Joe Biden bypassed Congress to greenlight a USD 147.5 million weapons sale to Israel. The State Department explained that the measure was necessary “given the urgency of Israel’s defensive needs” and the US’ commitment to “the security of Israel.” The emergency determination bypassed the requirement of a congressional review for foreign military sales giving Israel access to ancillary items needed to make 155 millimetre shells. This decision has left many confused, given that the Biden administration has of late been urging Israel to move to a low-intensity conflict. In response to this decision, a senior Hamas official, Basem Naim, stated that the Hamas holds the Biden administration “accountable for their direct role in sponsoring and orchestrating this ongoing genocide against our people.”


Newsmakers This Week

Who was Deputy Hamas leader Saleh al-Arouri, killed by Israeli strike?
Shamini Velayutham

On 2 January, Deputy Hamas leader Saleh al-Arouri was killed by a drone attack near Dahiyeh, a Hezbollah stronghold in Beirut's southern suburbs. Saleh al-Arouri served as the deputy head of Hamas's political bureau and was a founding member of the Qassam Brigades, the organisation's armed branch. He had spent fifteen years in an Israeli prison before going into exile in Lebanon. Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, had vowed to kill him before the start of the war on 7 October 2023. 

In his capacity as the organisation's top representative in Lebanon, he was instrumental in strengthening Hamas' ties to Hezbollah, a Shi'ite organisation in Lebanon and by connecting them to Iran, which serves as both factions' principal sponsor. Hamas saw Arouri as a prominent proponent of peace between opposing Palestinian factions, having a cordial relationship with Fatah and the political organisation of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. According to Reuters, Arouri was perceived as a hardliner in the dispute with Israel. Israel has long accused him of masterminding lethal operations. He was a founding member of the Izz el-Deen al-Qassam Brigades, the group's military wing. A seven-week Israeli assault on Gaza that resulted in the deaths of 2,100 Palestinians is said to have been orchestrated by him. The death of Arouri ignited the war and caused the regional actors to be involved. 



President Félix Tshisekedi and his second term in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Anu Maria Joseph

On 31 December, the Democratic Republic of Congo President Félix Tshisekedi was declared the winner of the presidential elections. He secured 73 per cent of votes to his second term in office. He ran against 18 opposition candidates. Major opposition leader Moise Katumbi secured 18 per cent votes. Martin Fayulu came third securing five per cent votes. None of the other candidates secured more than one per cent of votes. The voter turnout was about 43 per cent of the 41 million registered voters.

He came to power in 2019 which was the country's first peaceful democratic transition since independence in 1960. On the day of swearing-in, he stated that he wanted to "build a strong Congo, turned toward development in peace and security - a Congo for all in which everyone has a place." He promised to make the country "the Germany of Africa." He pledged economic growth and to address unemployment in a country with significant resources but according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 73 per cent of the population living in poverty. During his first term, he introduced free primary schooling across the country and health services for women giving birth in the capital Kinshasa.

Besides all the initiatives, Tshisekedi has failed to address the insecurity situation in the eastern DRC where according to the UN more than 120 rebel groups are thriving including M23, Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and Cooperative Development of the Congo (CODECO). Recently, he demanded the end of the UN mission in DRC to withdraw from the region, raising fears of a security vacuum. Besides, DRC-Rwanda tensions have increased ever since Tshisekedi took office.

Tshisekedi won the elections against 18 opposition candidates securing a noteworthy per cent of votes. Elections were disorganised in several poll stations. According to BBC, several disturbances were reported in nearly 551 poll stations. Polls were unable to be conducted in several regions in the eastern provinces of over intense insurgent campaigns. The opposition has called on the judiciary to annul the election results. 

Tshesikedi's victory points to a politicised election commission and judiciary. John K Stearns, the founder and strategic adviser to the Congo Research Group (CRG), says this is hardly a victory of democracy. Besides, he vowed to declare war on Rwanda if he got a second term. His second term in office has raised fears of uncertainty over the instability in the eastern DRC and the credibility of Congolese democracy.


This Week in History

3 January 1521: The ex-communication of Martin Luther
Dhriti Mukherjee

On 3 January 1521, Martin Luther was excommunicated through the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, issued by Pope Leo X. This event serves as a significant juncture when analysing the history of the Protest Reformation, a religious and socio-political movement that moulded and changed the trajectory of Western Christianity. Luther’s excommunication was carried out through the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. Although Luther’s rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church began gaining momentum in 1517, this event was a culmination of it all. 

Luther, a German monk and theologian, initiated the Reformation in 1517 by challenging the Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences and questioning its theological doctrines. The publication of his Ninety-Five Theses and subsequent writings sparked widespread debate, leading to Luther’s summons to the Diet of Worms in 1521 where he was asked to renounce his views. Refusing to change his beliefs unless convinced by scripture or plain reason, Luther faced excommunication. His famous line “Here I stand; I can do no other” solidified his break from the Church. 

Following Luther’s stance, the papal bull declared him a heretic on 3 January 1521. After his formal excommunication which resulted in him severing ties with the Catholic Church’s sacraments and protections, several key political and religious events took course. Of these, the major implication was the formation of the Lutheran Church along with a broader Protest Reformation. The followers of Luther, who were known as Lutherans, embraced the reformed theological principles and went on to take the Lutheran movement to Germany and beyond. 

Aside from this, the fragmentation of Christendom that happened as a result of the excommunication instigation of the Wars of Religion, a series of religious conflicts. These conflicts which lasted from 1562 to 1598 were responsible for reshaping the political landscape of Europe. Political leaders across the continent began aligning themselves either with the Catholic Church or the protestant movements. The Peace of Augsburg in 1555 acknowledged the coexistence of Catholicism and Lutheranism within the Holy Roman Empire, establishing a precedent for religious tolerance.

Luther’s excommunication, therefore, set in motion a chain of events that not only transformed the religious fabric of Europe but also laid the groundwork for the diversification of Christian denominations and the emergence of Protestantism as a distinct branch of Christianity. 


About the authors
Akriti Sharma is a PhD Scholar at NIAS. Padmashree Anandhan and Anu Maria Joseph is a Research Associate at NIAS. Dhriti Mukherjee, Akhil Ajith and Shamini Velayutham are Research Assistants at NIAS.

Rosemary Kurian and Nuha Aamina are undergraduate scholars from St Joseph's University, Bangalore. Rishita Verma and Gananthula Uma Maheshwari are postgraduate scholars from Pondicherry University. Ryan Marcus is an Undergraduate Scholar at Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore.

Annem Naga Bindhu Madhuri, Vetriselvi Baskaran and Narmatha S are Postgraduate scholars at the University of Madras. Rosemary Kurian is a Postgraduate Scholar at St Joseph’s University, Bangalore.

Rishita Verma and Gananthula Uma Maheshwari are Postgraduate Scholars at the Pondicherry University. 


(The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of any institutions or organisations.)

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The 1999 Lome Peace Agreement: Issues and failed aspirations

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
April 2022 | IPRI # 265
IPRI Briefs

Anju C Joseph

Ceasefire in Moro Conflict: No lasting solution in sight

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 264
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

30 days of War in Ukraine

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 263
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka’s worsening economic crisis

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 262
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The end of Denmark’s Inuit experiment

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 261
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

International Women’s Day: Gap between policies and realities on gender equality

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Conflict Weekly
March 2022 | IPRI # 260
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine Invasion: One Week Later

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 259
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Russia’s Ukraine salami slicing and Canada’s freedom convoy protests

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 258
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unfreezing the Afghan assets, Tunisia’s judicial crisis and Libya’s new political deadlock

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 257
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Freedom convoy protests in Canada, and a de-escalation over Ukraine

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NIAS Africa Monitor
February 2022 | IPRI # 256
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Coup in Burkina Faso: Five things to know

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Conflict Weekly
February 2022 | IPRI # 255
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of the coup in Myanmar, Taliban meetings in Oslo, and the Global hunger report

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 254
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Burkina Faso, Continuing violence in Yemen, and an ISIS attack in Syria

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 253
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Threat of War over Ukraine, a Syrian trial in Germany, and Protests in France

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Central Asia
January 2022 | IPRI # 252
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The unrest in Kazakhstan: Look beyond the trigger

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 251
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest and crackdown in Kazakhstan, Another jail term for Aung San Suu Kyi, Two years after Qasem Soleimani, and Canada's reconciliation with the indigenous people

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Conflict Weekly
January 2022 | IPRI # 250
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflicts in 2021 : Through Regional Prisms

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 249
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shreya Upadhyay

State of Peace and Conflict in North America in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 248
IPRI Briefs

Dr Aparaajita Pandey

State of Peace and Conflict in Latin America in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 247
IPRI Briefs

Dr Shaji S

State of Peace and Conflict in Africa in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 246
IPRI Briefs

Dr Stanly Johny

State of Peace and conflict in the Middle East in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 245
IPRI Briefs

Dr Athar Zafar

State of Peace and Conflict in Central Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 244
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anshuman Behera

State of Peace and Conflict in South Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 243
IPRI Briefs

Dr Bibhu Prasad Routray

State of Peace and Conflict in Southeast Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 242
IPRI Briefs

Dr Sandip Kumar Mishra

State of Peace and Conflict in East Asia in 2021

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NIAS-IPRI Workshop
January 2022 | IPRI # 241
IPRI Briefs

Dr Anand V

State of Peace and Conflict in China in 2021

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 240
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Top 15 Conflicts in 2021

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 239
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New reports on the Omicron threat, and lifting sanctions on humanitarian aid to Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 238
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

West warns Russia over Ukrainian aggression and South Korea and North Korean agree on end-of-war declaration in principle

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NIAS Africa Monitor
December 2021 | IPRI # 237
IPRI Comments

Harshita Rathore

Famine in Ethiopia: The government's refusal to acknowledge, worsens the crisis

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 236
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict Weekly: 100th Issue

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Conflict Weekly
December 2021 | IPRI # 235
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Unrest in the Solomon Islands, and the 12 million missing children in China

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 234
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-lockdown protests in Europe, Farmers' protests in India, and Continuing instability in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 223
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Europe's other migrant crisis, and Protests in Cuba and Thailand

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 222
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The migrant threat to Europe from Belarus and Ceasefire with the TTP in Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
November 2021 | IPRI # 221
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year of Ethiopian conflict and UK-France fishing row

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 220
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Sudan, Pressure on Myanmar's military regime, and the Migrant game by Belarus

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October 2021 | IPRI # 219
IPRI Comments

Vandana Mishra

The Texas abortion law: Five reasons why it is draconian

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 218
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

No honour in honour killing

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 217
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

One year after Samuel Paty's killing, Kidnapping in Haiti, and Instability in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 216
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

ISIS violence in Afghanistan, and Targeted killings in J&K

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 215
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Rising child abuse in Pakistan: Five reasons why

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 214
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Hazara Persecution in Pakistan: No end in sight

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 213
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Talking to the Pakistani Taliban: What did Imran say? And what does it mean? Is the rest of Pakistan ready for the same?

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Pakistan Reader Comments
October 2021 | IPRI # 212
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

Protests in Gwadar: Who and Why

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Conflict Weekly
October 2021 | IPRI # 211
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Bolsonaro protests in Brazil, UK-France fishing row, Talks with the TTP in Pakistan, and the anti-abortion law protests in the US

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 210
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Chinese White Paper on Xinjiang, and the Haitian migrant crisis in the US

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NIAS-IPRI Brief
September 2021 | IPRI # 209
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Africa’s Stolen Future:Child abductions, lost innocence, and a glaring reflection of State failure in Nigeria

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Afghanistan
September 2021 | IPRI # 208
IPRI Comments

Vineeth Daniel Vinoy

Who is who in the interim Taliban government? And, what would be the government structure?

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 207
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Pride marches in Europe, Jail term for Hotel Rwanda hero, and continuing Houthi-led violence in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 206
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests in Europe and Brazil, and an impending humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan

read more
Latin America
September 2021 | IPRI # 205
IPRI Comments

Lokendra Sharma

Two months of Cuban protests: Is the ‘revolution’ ending?

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 204
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Texas' abortion ban, Return of the Thai protests, the Taliban government, and the Guinea coup

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Conflict Weekly
September 2021 | IPRI # 203
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US exit from Afghanistan, the Houthi violence in Yemen, and Hurricane Ida in the US

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 202
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Chaotic evacuation in Kabul, Crimea Summit on seven years of Russian occupation, anti-lockdown protests in Australia, and continuing kidnappings in Africa

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 201
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Return of the Taliban and the fall of Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 200
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests return to Thailand, Taliban gains in Afghanistan, Pandemic action triggers protests in Europe, and new Climate Change report warns Code-Red

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Conflict Weekly
August 2021 | IPRI # 199
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive, New Zealand's apology over the Pacific communities, Peru's new problem, and an inter-State clash in India's Northeast

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 198
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

France's anti-extremism bill, Canada's burning churches, and Tunisia's new political crisis

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 197
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Impending famine in Tigray, should make Ethiopia everyone's problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 196
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Too late and too little is Ethiopia's international problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 195
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

Africa's Ethiopia Problem

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 194
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia's Tigray problem is Tigray's Ethiopia problem

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Afghanistan
July 2021 | IPRI # 193
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Five reasons why Afghanistan is closer to a civil war

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 192
IPRI Comments

Anu Maria Joseph

Beyond the apology to Rwanda: In Africa, is France still a 'silent colonizer'?

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 191
IPRI Comments

Mohamad Aseel Ummer

Migration in Africa: Origin, Drivers and Destinations

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 190
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa:Three reasons why

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NIAS Africa Monitor
July 2021 | IPRI # 189
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Libya: A new unity government and rekindled hope, a decade after the fall of Gaddafi

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 188
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Germany, Wildfires in Siberia and the Pegasus Spyware

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 184
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-government protests in Cuba, Pro-Zuma protests in South Africa, and remembering the Srebrenica massacre

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Conflict Weekly
July 2021 | IPRI # 183
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Taliban offensive in Afghanistan, Protests in Colombia, and the Heat Wave 

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 182
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Ethiopia, Berlin Conference on Libya and the World Drug Report

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 181
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US Juneteenth, UN resolution on Myanmar and Global Peace Index

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Europe
June 2021 | IPRI # 180
IPRI Comments

Chetna Vinay Bhora

Spain, Morocco and the rise of rightwing politics in Europe over immigration

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Southeast Asia
June 2021 | IPRI # 179
IPRI Comments

Anju Joseph

Timor Leste: Instability continues, despite 19 years of independence

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 178
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Three new reports on Child labour, Ethiopia and Xinjiang, Tensions in Belfast, and the Suu Kyi trial

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 177
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The UN report on Taliban-al Qaeda links, Denmark on relocating refugee camps, Burkino Faso massacre, Arctic melt, and Afghan trilateral dialogue

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Israel-Palestine Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 176
IPRI Comments

Udbhav Krishna P

Revisiting the recent violence: Three takeaways

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Gender Peace and Conflict
June 2021 | IPRI # 175
IPRI Comments

Vibha Venugopal

The return of Taliban will be bad news for women

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Nepal
June 2021 | IPRI # 174
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Fresh election-call mean unending cycle of instability

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Conflict Weekly
June 2021 | IPRI # 173
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing protests in Colombia, another mass abduction in Nigeria, and a controversial election in Syria

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 172
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire in Israel, NLD ban in Myanmar and a new Belarus crisis

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 171
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Elusive ceasefire in Israel-Palestine conflict, a migration crisis in Spain, three weeks of protests in Colombia, and the rise of Ransomware reign

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The Maldives
May 2021 | IPRI # 170
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

The bomb attack on Mohamed Nasheed. Is it political or jihadist?

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 169
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Escalating Israel-Palestine violence, an attack and a ceasefire in Afghanistan, and the fallouts of Scotland election for the UK

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Australia's indigenous communities
May 2021 | IPRI # 168
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

The systemic oppression continues despite three decades of the Royal Commission report

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Africa
May 2021 | IPRI # 167
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

15 of the 23 global hunger hotspots are in Africa. Three reasons why

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Afghanistan 
May 2021 | IPRI # 166
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The US decision to withdraw is a call made too early. Three reasons why

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Conflict Weekly
May 2021 | IPRI # 165
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violent protests in Colombia, US troops withdrawal in Afghanistan, and the battle for Marib in Yemen

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 164
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Israel-Syria missile strikes, Clashes in Somalia and Afghan meetings in Pakistan

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 163
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

George Floyd murder trial, Fukushima water release controversy, anti-France protests in Pakistan, Report on the Rwandan genocide and another Loya Jirga in Afghanistan

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 162
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Riots in Northern Ireland, Sabotage on an Iranian nuclear facility, and a massacre in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly
April 2021 | IPRI # 161
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Global gender gap report, Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam talks failure, Maoist attack in India, Border tensions between Russia and Ukraine, and the Security forces take control of Palma in Mozambique

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Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 160
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bloody Week in Myanmar, a Suicide attack in Indonesia and an Insurgency in Mozambique

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Conflict Weekly
March 2021 | IPRI # 159
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sanctions on China, Saudi Arabia ceasefire in Yemen, the UNHRC resolution on Sri Lanka, and a massacre in Niger

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Conflict Weekly #62
March 2021 | IPRI # 158
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Gender Protests in Australia, Expanding Violence in Myanmar and Anti-protests bill in the UK

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Conflict Weekly # 61
March 2021 | IPRI # 157
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Women’s Day, Swiss Referendum, Myanmar Violence, George Floyd Trial and Lebanon Protests

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Conflict Weekly #60
March 2021 | IPRI # 156
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

From Myanmar and Hong Kong in Asia to Nigeria in Africa: Seven conflicts this week

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Conflict Weekly # 59
February 2021 | IPRI # 155
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Protests in Myanmar, ‘Comfort Women’ issue in South Korea and Abductions in Nigeria

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Ethiopia
February 2021 | IPRI # 154
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Five fallouts of the military offensive in Tigray

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Afghanistan
February 2021 | IPRI # 153
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

The recent surge in targeted killing vs the troops withdrawal

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 152
IPRI Comments

Avishka Ashok

In Argentina, an extraordinarily progressive law on abortion brings the Conservatives to protest

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 151
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

In Poland, the protests against the abortion law feed into anti-government sentiments

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 150
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

In Honduras, a move towards a permanent ban on abortion laws

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Abortions, Legislations and Gender Protests
February 2021 | IPRI # 149
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

In Thailand, the new abortion law poses more questions

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Myanmar
February 2021 | IPRI # 148
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Civilian protests vs military: Three factors will decide the outcome in Myanmar

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Conflict Weekly # 58
February 2021 | IPRI # 147
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Separatism bill in France, Protests in Nepal against a gender-specific law, Surge in targetted killings in Afghanistan, and Instability continues in Ethiopia

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Conflict Weekly #57
February 2021 | IPRI # 146
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti-Coup protests in Myanmar, a new US strategy on Yemen, and the US-Iran differences on nuclear roadmap

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India and Sri Lanka
February 2021 | IPRI # 145
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan and Drorima Chatterjee

Five ways India can detangle the fishermen issue with Sri Lanka

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Conflict Weekly #56
February 2021 | IPRI # 144
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Coup in Myanmar and Protests in Russia

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Conflict Weekly #55
January 2021 | IPRI # 143
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers' protests in India, Vaccine Wars, another India-China border standoff, and Navalny's imprisonment

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Conflict Weekly # 54
January 2021 | IPRI # 142
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

New President in the US, new Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh, new Israeli settlement in West Bank, and another massacre in Sudan

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Conflict Weekly # 53
January 2021 | IPRI # 141
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Trump impeached by the US House, Hazara miners buried in Pakistan, Farm laws stayed in India, and the Crisis escalation in CAR

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Conflict Weekly # 52
January 2021 | IPRI # 140
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

GCC lifts Qatar blockade, Iran decides to enrich uranium, Argentina legalizes abortion, French soldiers targeted in Mali, and the AFSPA extended in India's Northeast

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 139
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

The Middle East: The Abraham Accords may be the deal of the century, but comes with a heavy Palestinian cause  

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 138
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

France:  Needs to rethink  the state-religion relation in battling extremism

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 137
IPRI Comments

Teshu Singh

India and China: A tense border with compromise unlikely

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 136
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ethiopia: The conflict in Tigray and the regional fallouts

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 135
IPRI Comments

Kamna Tiwary

Europe: From anti-government protests in Belarus to ‘United for Abortion’ in Poland 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 134
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Brexit: A year of the UK-EU transition talks and finally, a Deal 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 133
IPRI Comments

Mallika Devi

Hong Kong: Slow Strangulation of Protests, Security Law and China's victory

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 132
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Thailand: For the pro-democracy protests, it is a long march ahead 

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Conflicts around the World in 2020
December 2020 | IPRI # 131
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Nagorno-Karabakh: Rekindled fighting, Causalities and a Ceasefire

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 130
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Hot on the Conflict Trails: Top Ten Conflicts in 2020

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 129
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Boko Haram abductions in Nigeria, Violence in Afghanistan and Farmers' protest in India

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Gender Peace and Conflict
December 2020 | IPRI # 128
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

From Poland to India: More attacks on abortion rights coincide with the emergence of right

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Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 127
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Farmers protest in India, Radicals target idols in Bangladesh, UK reaches out to the EU and Saudi Arabia to mend ties with Qatar

read more
Conflict Weekly
December 2020 | IPRI # 126
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An assassination in Iran, Massacre in Nigeria and Suicide bombings in Afghanistan

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 125
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Ensure the DDC elections are inclusive, free and fair

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 124
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Electoral violence in Africa, War crimes in Afghanistan, COVID's third global wave, and Protest escalation in Thailand

read more
Domestic turmoil and South Asia
November 2020 | IPRI # 123
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka’s 20-Amendment is more than what was bargained for

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 122
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The US troops withdrawal, Violent protests in Thailand, Refugee crisis in Ethiopia, Anti-France protests in Pakistan and the Indo-Pak tensions along the LoC

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
November 2020 | IPRI # 121
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Alliance decides to fight the DDC elections together. The ballot may be thicker than principle

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 120
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A peace agreement in Nagorno-Karabakh and a brewing civil war in Ethiopia

read more
Conflict Weekly
November 2020 | IPRI # 119
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

IS terror in Vienna and Kabul, new controversy along Nepal-China border, and a boundary dispute in India’s Northeast

read more
J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 118
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

The Friday Backgrounder: Union Government amends the land laws, and the Kashmiri Opposition protests. There is politics in both

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 117
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, rising gender violence shadows COVID-19 pandemic

read more
GLOBAL PROTESTS MOVEMENT
October 2020 | IPRI # 116
IPRI Comments

Apoorva Sudhakar

Lebanon: One year of protests; it is more setbacks and little reforms

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 115
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, pandemic has eclipsed women’s role in peacebuilding

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J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 114
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The new demands within the State over the Official Language Act

read more
India's Northeast
October 2020 | IPRI # 113
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

The Naga Peace talks: Caught in its own rhetoric, NSCN(IM) will lose its stakes

read more
J&K
October 2020 | IPRI # 112
IPRI Comments

Akriti Sharma

The Gupkar Declaration: Vociferous Valley and an Indifferent Jammu

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
October 2020 | IPRI # 111
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Flag, Constitution, Media Freedom and Local Elections

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 110
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Solidarity in France, Emergency withdrawn in Thailand, Terror tag removed in Sudan and Hunger in South Asia

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 109
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Protests against sexual violence in Bangladesh, One year after Xi-Modi summit, Assassination of a Deobandi scholar in Pakistan and continuing violence in Yemen

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 108
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

An Afghan woman nominated for the Nobel and a Dalit woman assaulted in India. External actors get involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

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GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 107
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, women peacebuilders need more than a seat at the table

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 106
IPRI Comments

Tamanna Khosla

In India, home has been the most violent place for women

read more
GENDER AND PEACEBUILDING DURING A PANDEMIC
October 2020 | IPRI # 105
IPRI Comments

Pushpika Sapna Bara

In India, pandemic relegates women peacebuilders to the margins

read more
Conflict Weekly
October 2020 | IPRI # 104
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Six million COVID cases in India, Abdullah Abdullah's visit to Pakistan, China's naval exercises in four seas, and the new tensions in Nagorno Karabakh

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 103
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Al Qaeda module in India, Naga Peace talks and the Polio problem in Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 102
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Afghan summit in Doha, India-China Five Points agreement, Women protest in Pakistan, New amendment in Sri Lanka and the Bahrain-Israel rapprochement

read more
The Middle East
September 2020 | IPRI # 101
IPRI Comments

Samreen Wani

Lebanon: Can Macron's visit prevent the unravelling?

read more
Africa
September 2020 | IPRI # 100
IPRI Comments

Sankalp Gurjar

In Sudan, the government signs an agreement with the rebels. However, there are serious challenges

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 99
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Targeted Violence in Pakistan, Protests in Hong Kong and the Charlie Hebdo Trial in France

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
September 2020 | IPRI # 98
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: The PDP meeting, Muharram clashes and the Kashmiri parties vis-à-vis Pakistan

read more
Conflict Weekly
September 2020 | IPRI # 97
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Anti Racist Protests in the US and the Floods in Pakistan

read more
Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 96
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali and Abigail Miriam Fernandez

Sri Lanka: Election Analysis, Expectations from the Government, Challenges Ahead, & a road map for India

read more
The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 95
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: The Gupkar Resolution is a good beginning. So is the NIA charge sheet on the Pulwama Attack.

read more
Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 94
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Proposed amendment in Sri Lanka, Verdict on the gunman in New Zealand, Peace Conference in Myanmar and the Ceasefire troubles in Libya

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The Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 93
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: Baby steps taken. Now, time to introduce a few big-ticket items

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 92
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Further trouble to the Naga Peace Talks, Taliban attack on woman negotiator, Protests in Thailand, Belarus and Bolivia, Israel-UAE Rapprochement, and the Oil Spill in Mauritius

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Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 91
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Integration and Assimilation are not synonymous.

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 90
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Release of Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, Troubles in Naga Peace Talks in India’s Northeast, and a deadly week in Lebanon

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Friday Backgrounder
August 2020 | IPRI # 89
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: One year later, is it time to change gears?

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Discussion Report
August 2020 | IPRI # 88
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

Sri Lanka Elections 2020 - A Curtain Raiser: Issues, Actors, and Challenges

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Conflict Weekly
August 2020 | IPRI # 87
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

J&K a year after 5 August 2019, Militant ambush in Manipur, Environmental protests in Northeast India, and the return of street protests in Iraq

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 86
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Omar Abdullah complains, there is no space for mainstream leaders. Should there be one?

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Conflict Weekly 28
July 2020 | IPRI # 85
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Floods in Bihar, Nepal and Bangladesh, Abduction of a journalist in Pakistan, Neutralization of militants in Srinagar and the UNAMA report on Afghanistan

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 84
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

In Sri Lanka, 20 years later women still await the return of post war normalcy

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 83
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

J&K: After the Hurriyat, is the PDP relevant in Kashmir politics today?

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Conflict Weekly 27
July 2020 | IPRI # 82
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Devastating floods in Assam, and a mob Lynching of cattle smugglers along India-Bangladesh border

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
July 2020 | IPRI # 81
IPRI Comments

Mehjabin Ferdous

In Bangladesh, laws need to catch up with reality

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Conflict Weekly 26
July 2020 | IPRI # 80
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence in India's Northeast, FGM ban in Sudan, the UN warning on Global Hunger & the Return of Global Protests

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 79
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

J&K: Four years after Burhan Wani

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Conflict Weekly 25
July 2020 | IPRI # 78
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Conflict and COVID in J&K, Dispute over constructing a temple in Islamabad, Return of the Indian fishermen into the Sri Lankan Waters, and the water conflict over River Nile in Africa

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Friday Backgrounder
July 2020 | IPRI # 77
IPRI Comments

D. Suba Chandran

The Rise, Fall and Irrelevance of Geelani. And the Hurriyat

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Conflict Weekly 24
July 2020 | IPRI # 76
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Geelani's Exit and Continuing Violence in J&K, and the BLA attack on Pakistan stock exchange in Karachi

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June 2020 | IPRI # 75
IPRI Comments

Sudip Kumar Kundu

Cyclone Amphan: West Bengal, Odisha limp back to a distorted normalcy

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June 2020 | IPRI # 74
IPRI Comments

Abigail Miriam Fernandez

An olive branch to the PTM in Pakistan: Will the PTI heed to the Pashtun rights movement

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Conflict Weekly 23
June 2020 | IPRI # 73
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Baloch Disappearance issue returns, Nepal tightens Citizenship rules, and Egypt enters the conflict in Libya

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Conflict Weekly 22
June 2020 | IPRI # 72
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Violence escalates along the India-China border, Cartographic tensions over India-Nepal border, Gas explosion in Assam and Deadly attacks by the Boko Haram in Nigeria

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Conflict Weekly 21
June 2020 | IPRI # 71
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Echoes of Black Lives Matter, Violence in Kashmir Valley, Rohingyas in the deep blue sea, One year of Hong Kong protests, Conflict in Libya and the human-wildlife conflict in South Asia

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Conflict Weekly 20
June 2020 | IPRI # 70
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A week of violence in the US, Afghanistan and Africa, Urban drivers of political violence, and anti-racism protests in Europe

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Conflict Weekly 19
May 2020 | IPRI # 69
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Cyclone Amphan in the Bay of Bengal, Ceasefire in Afghanistan, Indo-Nepal border dispute in Kalapani, Honour Killing in Pakistan, New protests  in Hong Kong & the Anti-lockdown protests in Europe

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Conflict Weekly 18
May 2020 | IPRI # 68
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Kalapani dispute in India-Nepal border, Migrants exodus in India, Continuing violence in Balochistan and KP

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Conflict Weekly 17
May 2020 | IPRI # 67
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The return of Hong Kong Protests, a new Ceasefire in Myanmar, China-Australia Tensions on COVID & Trade, and the Al Qaeda-Islamic State clashes in Africa

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Conflict Weekly 16
May 2020 | IPRI # 66
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The Binge-fighting in Kashmir Valley, SIGAR report on Afghanistan, Killing of a PTM leader in Pakistan, the US Religious Freedom watchlist, and Haftar's ceasefire call in Libya

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Conflict Weekly 15
April 2020 | IPRI # 65
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Ceasefire and Self Rule in Yemen, Syrian war trial in Germany, SIPRI annual report on military spending, and Low civilian casualties in Afghanistan 

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 64
IPRI Comments

D Suba Chandran

Healing needs Forgiveness, Accountability, Responsibility and Justice

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One year after the Easter Attacks in Sri Lanka
April 2020 | IPRI # 63
IPRI Comments

La Toya Waha

Have the Islamists Won? 

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Conflict Weekly 14
April 2020 | IPRI # 62
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

A new wave of arrests in Hong Kong, One year after Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka, ISIS violence in Mozambique, and the coming global Food Crisis

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 61
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Jharkhand: Proactive Judiciary, Strong Civil Society Role, Rural Vigilantes

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 60
IPRI Comments

Alok Kumar Gupta

Bihar as Late Entrant: No Prompt Action, Punitive Measures, Migrant Crisis 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 59
IPRI Comments

Anshuman Behera

Odisha’s Three Principles: Prepare for the Worst, Prepare Early, Prevent Loss of Lives

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 58
IPRI Comments

Niharika Sharma

New Delhi as Hotspot: Border Sealing, Curbing Fake News, Proactive leadership

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 57
IPRI Comments

Vaishali Handique

Northeast India: Civil Society in Unison, Media against Racism, Government’s Timely Preparedness 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 56
IPRI Comments

Shyam Hari P

Kerala: Past Lessons and War-Footing response by the administration

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 55
IPRI Comments

Shilajit Sengupta

West Bengal: Proactive Local Leadership, Early Lockdown and Decentralised Action

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 54
IPRI Comments

P Harini Sha

Tamil Nadu’s Three Pronged Approach: Delay Virus Spread, Community Preparedness, Welfare Schemes 

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COVID-19 and the Indian States
April 2020 | IPRI # 53
IPRI Comments

Hrudaya C Kamasani

Andhra Pradesh: Early course correction, Independent leadership and Targeted Mitigation  

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 52
IPRI Comments

Sanduni Atapattu

Preventing hatred and suspicion would be a bigger struggle

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 51
IPRI Comments

Chavindi Weerawansha

A majority in the minority community suffers, for the action of a few

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 50
IPRI Comments

Chrishari de Alwis Gunasekare

The Cardinal sermons for peace, with a message to forgive

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 49
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Who and Why of the Perpetrators

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 48
IPRI Comments

Natasha Fernando

In retrospect, where did we go wrong?

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 47
IPRI Comments

Ruwanthi Jayasekara

Build the power of Co-existence, Trust, Gender and Awareness

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 46
IPRI Comments

N Manoharan

New ethnic faultlines at macro and micro levels

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ONE YEAR AFTER THE EASTER ATTACKS IN SRI LANKA
April 2020 | IPRI # 45
IPRI Comments

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera

A year has gone, but the pain has not vanished

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 44
IPRI Comments

Kabi Adhikari

In Nepal, it is a struggle for the women out of the patriarchal shadows

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 43
IPRI Comments

Jenice Jean Goveas

In India, the glass is half full for the women

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WOMEN, PEACE AND TWENTY YEARS OF UNSC 1325
April 2020 | IPRI # 42
IPRI Comments

Fatemah Ghafori

In Afghanistan, there is no going back for the women

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Conflict Weekly 13
April 2020 | IPRI # 41
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Executing Mujib's killer in Bangladesh, Continuing conflicts in Myanmar, Questioning Government's sincerity in Naga Peace Deal, Releasing Taliban prisoners in Afghanistan, and a report on damming the Mekong river by China

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Conflict Weekly 12
April 2020 | IPRI # 40
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Globally, Coronavirus increases Domestic Violence, deflates Global Protests, threatens Indigenous Communities and imperils the migrants. In South Asia, two reports question the Assam Foreign Tribunal and the Afghan Peace deal

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Afghanistan
April 2020 | IPRI # 39
IPRI Comments

Sukanya Bali

One month after the deal with the Taliban: Problems Four, Progress None

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Conflict Weekly 11
April 2020 | IPRI # 38
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Releasing a former soldier convicted of a war crime in Sri Lanka, Deepening of internal conflicts in Myanmar and the Taliban’s Deal is a smokescreen in Afghanistan

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Report Review
March 2020 | IPRI # 37
IPRI Comments

Lakshmi V Menon

Pakistan: Decline in Terrorism

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Conflict Weekly 10
March 2020 | IPRI # 36
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

More violence in Afghanistan, Naxal ambush in India, Federal-Provincial differences in Pakistan's Corona fight, and a new report on the impact of CoronaVirus on Conflicts

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Conflict Weekly 09
March 2020 | IPRI # 35
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

The CoronaVirus: South Asia copes, China stabilises, Europe bleeds and the US wakes up finally

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Conflict Weekly 08
March 2020 | IPRI # 34
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Triumphant Women's march across Pakistan, Anti-CAA Protests in Dhaka,  Two Presidents in Afghanistan, and Turkey-Russia Ceasefire in Syria

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Conflict Weekly 07
March 2020 | IPRI # 33
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Aurat March in Pakistan, US-Taliban Deal in Doha, Anti-CAA protest in Meghalaya, Sri Lanka’s withdrawal from the UNCHCR Resolution, and the problems of ceasefire in Syria and Libya 

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Conflict Weekly 06
February 2020 | IPRI # 32
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Seven Days of Peace in Afghanistan, Violence in Delhi, Setback to Peace Talks on Libya and the Ceasefire in Gaza

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Conflict Weekly 05
February 2020 | IPRI # 31
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Afghan Election Results, US-Taliban Deal, Hafiz Saeed Conviction, Quetta Suicide Attack, Assam Accord, Mexico Femicide and the Climate Change impact on Bird Species

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Conflict Weekly 04
February 2020 | IPRI # 30
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Sri Lanka drops Tamil anthem, Assam looks for a new census for the indigenous Muslim population, Bangladesh faces a Rohingya boat tragedy and Israel witnesses resurgence of violence post-Trump deal

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Conflict Weekly 03
February 2020 | IPRI # 29
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Continuing Violence in Afghanistan, Bodo Peace Accord in Northeast India, Attack on the anti-CAA protesters in Delhi, and Trump's Middle East Peace Plan

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Conflict Weekly 02
January 2020 | IPRI # 28
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Bangladesh and ICJ's Rohingya Verdict, Taliban and Afghan Peace, Surrenders in India's Northeast, New government in Lebanon and the Berlin summit on Libya

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Conflict Weekly 01
January 2020 | IPRI # 27
IPRI Comments

IPRI Team

Nile River Agreement, Tehran Protests, Syrians meet in Berlin, Honduran Caravans in Mexico, Taliban's ceasefire offer, Quetta Suicide attack, Supreme court verdict on J&K and the Brus Agreement in Tripura

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Myanmar
October 2019 | IPRI # 26
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Will prosecuting Suu Kyi resolve the Rohingya problem?

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Climate Change
October 2019 | IPRI # 25
IPRI Comments

Lakshman Chakravarthy N & Rashmi Ramesh

Four Actors, No Action

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From Okjökull to OK:
September 2019 | IPRI # 24
IPRI Comments

Rashmi Ramesh

Death of a Glacier in Iceland

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The Hong Kong Protests:
August 2019 | IPRI # 23
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudan

Re-defining mass mobilization

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The Hong Kong Protest:
August 2019 | IPRI # 22
IPRI Comments

Parikshith Pradeep

Who Wants What?

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Africa
December 2020 | IPRI # 6
IPRI Briefs

Apoorva Sudhakar

Ballots and Bloodshed: Trends of electoral violence in Africa

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Myanmar
March 2019 | IPRI # 5
IPRI Comments

Aparupa Bhattacherjee

The Other Conflict in Rakhine State

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West Asia
February 2019 | IPRI # 4
IPRI Comments

Seetha Lakshmi Dinesh Iyer

Yemen: Will Sa'nna fall?

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China and Islam
February 2019 | IPRI # 3
IPRI Comments

Harini Madhusudhan

Sinicizing the Minorities

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Terrorism
January 2019 | IPRI # 2
IPRI Comments

Sourina Bej

Maghreb: What makes al Shahab Resilient?

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India's Northeast
July 2019 | IPRI # 1
IPRI Briefs

Titsala Sangtam

Counting Citizens: Manipur charts its own NRC

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